Effect of Stunting on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of School-Age Children
- 10.2991/aer.k.210825.032How to use a DOI?
- Stunting, Intelligence Quotient, School-Age Children
The World Health Organization for Child Growth Standards estimates that at least one in four children under five years of age fails to grow optimally according to established standards. Nutritional status on height for the period under standard or stunting is a manifestation of malnutrition and is a severe health problem. This study analyzes the relationship between stunting on the intelligence quotient (IQ) of school-age children. This research is a quantitative study with the design used as observational analytic with an unmatching case-control. The sample consisted of 75 stunting cases and 75 control cases collected in August – October 2019 in Palembang City. The stunting variable analyzes the z-score in determining the categorical nutritional status. Interviewed with the respondent’s mother to measure environmental sanitation, history of infection, breastfeeding, economic status, food intake, mother and father’s education. The instrument for assessing student intelligence questions used the CPM (Colored Progressive Matrics) test. From the results of statistical show a significant relationship between stunting with Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in children (p = 0.000, OR: 4,57 (95% CI:2,1733-9,6873). There are significant relationship between environment sanitation (p = 0,04 OR: 2,245 (95% CI: 0,908-5,720), economic status (p = 0,009 OR: 2,5 (95% CI: 1,189-5,333) and food intake (p = 0,005 OR: 2,82 (95% CI: 1,271-6,398) and no significant relationship between the history of infection (p = 0,841 OR: 1,181 (95% CI: 0,15- 9,11), to the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of school-age children. Children with stunting affect intelligence and have 5.2 times lower average intelligence quotient (IQ) than children who are not stunting after being controlled by confounding variables environmental sanitation, economic status, and food intake.
- © 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Wahyu I.D. Aurora AU - Rico J. Sitorus AU - Rostika Flora PY - 2021 DA - 2021/08/26 TI - Effect of Stunting on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of School-Age Children BT - Proceedings of the 3rd Green Development International Conference (GDIC 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 176 EP - 180 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.210825.032 DO - 10.2991/aer.k.210825.032 ID - Aurora2021 ER -