Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Advanced Engineering Materials and Technology

Use of membrane separation device for extraction of intracellular protein and DNA

Authors
Yu Shi, Xiujie Liu, Rongji Dai, Yulin Deng
Corresponding Author
Yu Shi
Available Online August 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icaemt-15.2015.75How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Ultrafitration; Silica membrane; Cell; Lysis; Protein; DNA; Device
Abstract

In this paper, a membrane separation device is proposed and demonstrated to be able to lyse cells and extract intracellular protein and DNA. The device consists of cell pretreatment chamber, microfiltration unit, membrane separation unit, fluid reservoir unit and control units. The pretreatment method incorporates chemical lysis reagents and mechanical vibration induced by a micro-pump to perform cell lysis. The membrane separation module is equipped with a replaceable membrane. The ultrafiltration membrane and silica membrane are used to extract intracellular protein and DNA, respectively. The results show that the cell lysis can be achieve effectively by the pretreatment unit at the help of vibration on the membrane. The target protein was obtained using UF membrane with different molecular weight cut-off, and the silica membrane in the device had an excellent ability of extraction of intracellular DNA. The working device suggests an inexpensive, easy to be fabricated and effective method for cell lysis and extraction of intracellular protein and DNA. The resulting extraction is suitable for downstream protein and nucleic acid analysis and detection without requiring further preparation. This device can be easily integrated with other downstream components to develop a customized biological samples analytic system.

Copyright
© 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Advanced Engineering Materials and Technology
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
August 2015
ISBN
978-94-6252-108-7
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icaemt-15.2015.75How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yu Shi
AU  - Xiujie Liu
AU  - Rongji Dai
AU  - Yulin Deng
PY  - 2015/08
DA  - 2015/08
TI  - Use of membrane separation device for extraction of intracellular protein and DNA
BT  - Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Advanced Engineering Materials and Technology
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 375
EP  - 379
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icaemt-15.2015.75
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icaemt-15.2015.75
ID  - Shi2015/08
ER  -