Local Institutional Failures in Decentralized Indonesia: The Case of Batam
- https://doi.org/10.2991/icaess-19.2019.53How to use a DOI?
- Decentralization; Institutional Failures; Special Autonomy; Special Economic Zones
Batam's development began in 1970 by the Batam Authority (now called BP Batam) and was projected as an industrial area. In its time, Batam was transformed into a city with growth above the average national economic growth. Yet, the contrasting situation occurred after the implementation of regional autonomy in Batam. The presence of the Batam City Government as an executor of regional autonomy has a very strong legal and political position. Therefore, this paper focuses on institutional failures which have implications for the decline of the economy during the decentralized era. The methodology used in this research is descriptive exploratory by extracting information from primary and secondary data. Primary data was obtained using surveys and interviews with expert informants. The data was analyzed by the Delphi Method and Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). The results of the study stated that the problem faced was institutional dualism between the Batam City Government and BP Batam which had implications for legal uncertainty. Other problems are declining investment and economic growth, declining Batam's competitiveness, unemployment, labor, and social problems. The Delphi method produces recommendations including the Free Trade Zone (FTZ); Special Economic Zones (SEZ); and the application of special autonomy in Batam. Whereas based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method, it was found that special autonomy was the best policy choice. The concept of asymmetric decentralization based on economics is a possible model of special autonomy. However, in its implementation, further stages are needed to prepare a special law regarding the substance of specialization given to Batam.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Muhammad Zaenuddin PY - 2019/12 DA - 2019/12 TI - Local Institutional Failures in Decentralized Indonesia: The Case of Batam BT - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Applied Economics and Social Science (ICAESS 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 76 EP - 80 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icaess-19.2019.53 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/icaess-19.2019.53 ID - Zaenuddin2019/12 ER -