Series:ASSEHR

Proceedings of the International Conference on Culture and Language in Southeast Asia (ICCLAS 2017)

Terrorism and Religion in Indonesia: a Comparative Study of the Two Literary Works

Authors
Sukron Kamil
Corresponding author
Sukron Kamil
Keywords
terrorism; social injustice; jihadist salafi; comparative literature; and academic work
Abstract
Terrorist often mentioned as Islamic terrorism is influenced more likely by the views and feelings of social injustice, both nationally and globally. Islamic religious understanding, that does not show true Islam, is used by the perpetrators and the 'brains' behind terrorism in the period of the Reform in Indonesia to legitimize its acts of terrorism. More precisely, it is the religious understanding of jihadist salafi/jihadist fundamentalism sourced from Islamic ideology such as Sayyid Qutb and Abdullah Azzam. Both (social injustice and salafi jihadist), in this research, are the two undivided and not mutually exclusive currencies, because if they are not united it is difficult to bear terrorism. Therefore, countering terrorism or deradicalization should not only be a military and legal approach, but also must involve many institutions, political, economic, psychological, and social institutions such as education and religion. This conclusion was derived from the study of comparative literature of American School on two Indonesian literary works, a novel and a memoir, reinforced by confessions of the terrorist perpetrators of the first Bali bombing, especially Imam Samudra. The two literary works examined were a realist novel Demi Allah Aku Jadi Teroris (For the Sake of Allah, I Become a Terrorist) by Damien Dematra and a memoir Temanku Teroris Saat Dua Santri Ngruki Memilih Jalan Berbeda (is my friend terrorist? When Two Students of Ngruki Chose a Different Way), by Noor Huda Ismail. While the confessions of terrorists were derived from the book of Imam Samudra Aku Melawan Teroris (I am Against Terrorists) and other relevant sources. Both were certainly still reconfirmed by the findings of academic works of the experts and the results of in-depth interviews.
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@inproceedings{Kamil2017,
  title={Terrorism and Religion in Indonesia: a Comparative Study of the Two Literary Works},
  author={Kamil, Sukron},
  year={2017},
  booktitle={International Conference on Culture and Language in Southeast Asia (ICCLAS 2017)},
  issn={2352-5398},
  isbn={978-94-6252-462-0},
  url={http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/icclas-17.2018.23},
  doi={10.2991/icclas-17.2018.23},
  publisher={Atlantis Press}
}
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