Environmental NGOs participation in policy making: the case of the PM2.5 incident
- 10.2991/iceep-18.2018.98How to use a DOI?
- Civic ENGOs, environmental policy making, public participation, PM2.5
The 20th witnessed the resurgence of China’s civil society through the rapid growth of civic environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs). Especially since the mid-2000s, ENGOs have gradually begun to pursue policy relevant goals and play a vital role in policy formulation. The political opportunity and resource dependency theories provide a framework for explaining various factors and resources (funding, legitimacy and human) that have constrained or promoted these organizations’ policy advocacy activities and the impact on their strategies utilization in this process. The purpose of this article is to examine how the institutional factors and organizational resources shape the ENGOs’ policy advocacy activities and explore the role played by the ENGOs in Chinese environmental policy making process by using the case of PM2.5 campaign. I use case studies to demonstrate how the strategies used to construct policy networks determined their success in changing policy. This finding represents an initial step in theorizing bottom-up sources of policymaking in a restrictive institutional environmental given that it create mechanism for government control over NGOs, have difficulty accessing good information for policy making from society, and a policy process formally closed to NGOs participation.
- © 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yingruo Wang PY - 2018/09 DA - 2018/09 TI - Environmental NGOs participation in policy making: the case of the PM2.5 incident BT - Proceedings of the 2018 7th International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection (ICEEP 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 556 EP - 560 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iceep-18.2018.98 DO - 10.2991/iceep-18.2018.98 ID - Wang2018/09 ER -