Rwandan Genocide and Mass Communication: The Spiral of Silence and the Role of Group Polarisation in Pre-genocidal Ethnic Relations and Its Implications
- 10.2991/978-2-38476-092-3_55How to use a DOI?
- Rwanda genocide; ethnic relations; mass communication; the spiral of silence; group polarization
Ethnic relations have always been a topic of concern for all countries, and how to do a good job of developing ethnic synergies is crucial for countries with multiple ethnic groups. Rwanda, a country with Hutus as the majority ethnic group and Tutsis and Twa as minorities, was shocked by the 1994 genocide of Hutus and Tutsis by the Hutu radicals under the involvement of the mass communication, the polarisation of groups and the breakdown of ethnic relations. Through the analysis of historical archives, this paper aims to trace the history of Hutu Tutsi ethnic relations in Rwanda, explore the evolution of ethnic relations before the genocide, and analyse the role of the mass communication in this process, to explore how the ‘spiral of silence’ and the phenomenon of group polarisation led to the genocide in Rwanda. Ultimately, the paper concludes that because of long-standing social norms of inter-ethnic discrimination and oppression, complemented by a strongly hate-oriented mass media, the Hutu and Tutsi communities were irreversibly polarised by the ‘spiral of silence’ phenomenon, which led to the Rwandan genocide.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yuhao Tan PY - 2023 DA - 2023/09/09 TI - Rwandan Genocide and Mass Communication: The Spiral of Silence and the Role of Group Polarisation in Pre-genocidal Ethnic Relations and Its Implications BT - Proceedings of the 2023 9th International Conference on Humanities and Social Science Research (ICHSSR 2023) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 421 EP - 435 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-092-3_55 DO - 10.2991/978-2-38476-092-3_55 ID - Tan2023 ER -