Proceedings of the International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIE 2018)

Prototype of the Arab School in the Kingdom of Sambas of West Borneo in the Early 20th Century

Authors
Erwin Mahrus
Corresponding Author
Erwin Mahrus
Available Online October 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icie-18.2018.2How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Arab School; Kingdom of Sambas; prototype
Abstract

In West Borneo, of the fourteen sultanates that one existed, Sambas was the most dynamic Malay kingdom in its intellectual history. Sambas was once known as the "Terrace of Mecca" in West Kalimantan. It was due to the fact that this area has many scholars who once lived and studied for years in the Holy Land of Mecca. Its strategic position on the international navigational silk line, making Sambas one of the Islamic religious learning centers at that time. Unsurprisingly, then the oldest educational institution in West Kalimantan was initiated by the the Kingdom of Sambas. This paper aims to examine the Kingdom of Sambas education system. As a philological study, the primary source of this research is the manuscript of Sepatah Kata tentang al-Madrasah al-Sultaniyah (An Overview of the Sultan’s School – hereafter referred to and abbreviated as SKMS). Departing from this study, some important findings have been revealed. First, since the beginning, this so-called Arab School rejected the subsidies of the Colonial Government. The reason was clear. It did not want to be contaminated by the mission and colonial interests. The financial source of education was entirely derived from royal funding called the baitul mal. This is related to the education financing policies applied. Second, the aims of establishing the Arab School, the background of teachers, learners, and the curriculum used have been identified. Third, the contribution of the Arab School. With the charisma of a visionary sultan supported by scholars and competent instructors, this Arab School served as center to prepare candidates for government offices and the establishment of religious society in this region and its surroundings.

Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIE 2018)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
October 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-559-7
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icie-18.2018.2How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Erwin Mahrus
PY  - 2018/10
DA  - 2018/10
TI  - Prototype of the Arab School in the Kingdom of Sambas of West Borneo in the Early 20th Century
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIE 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 8
EP  - 13
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icie-18.2018.2
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icie-18.2018.2
ID  - Mahrus2018/10
ER  -