Plastic Waste Processing to be Alternative Fuels to Create Clean and Healthy Environment
- 10.2991/aer.k.211129.054How to use a DOI?
- plastic waste; processing equipment; fuel; environment; oil
Plastic waste is non-organic material that is difficult to destroy even if it is burned and is often found in the environment around us. This waste comes from households, traditional markets, shops, terminals, and others in the form of plastic food packaging, beverage bottles, plastic bags, and others. Lack of public awareness of environmental cleanliness and irregular waste processing makes the environment dirty. So far, only certain types of plastic are collected by scavengers for recycling such as plastic bottles and cups of mineral water, while other types of plastic are left alone so that they pollute the environment around us. Meanwhile, in rural areas kerosene is still difficult to obtain and even though it is expensive, so that for cooking purposes every day uses firewood taken from the surrounding forest. If this is allowed to continue, the environment will become damaged and will cause new problems such as floods because there are no more forests to absorb rainwater. The aim of this research is to improve the plastic waste processing design that has been made before, where the production capacity is not maximal due to leakage. Each type of plastic will be subjected to a pyrolysis process, then measurements will be made of oil production, the length of the pyrolysis process for each type of plastic, the density of the oil for each type of plastic, the length of time to burn the oil produced by each type of plastic, the flash point of oil produced by each type of plastic. The method used is the method of action and experimental method, which begins with the design of the reactor, manufacture and testing of tools, data collection of experimental results in accordance with predetermined variables. The results showed that, 1) The reactor was designed to function properly, there were no more leaks so that the plastic pyrolysis oil production capacity increased to 155 ml / 500 grams. 2) The density of oil produced by plastic pyrolysis of the type of oil packaging is slightly higher than diesel, which is 0.9 gr / ml while the plastic bag is much higher than kerosene, diesel, or oil from pyrolysis of oil packaging, which is 1.1 gr / ml because there are still many impurities. 3) Solar power burns the longest burning time compared to kerosene, oil from pyrolysis of plastic oil packaging and oil from pyrolysis of plastic bags, which is 3.18 minutes. 4) The oil from pyrolysis of plastic oil packaging has a flash point that is almost the same as kerosene (47.8°C) while the oil from plastic pyrolysis plastic bags has a flash point that is high enough to carry the flash point of diesel fuel (55°C). 5) The highest volume of evaporated water was produced from air cooking using diesel oil (6 ml), followed by kerosene and oil from the pyrolysis of each plastic bag (5 ml) and oil from plastic pyrolysis oil packaging (3 ml).
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Rafael Mado AU - Irene Budayawati AU - Frans Mangngi PY - 2021 DA - 2021/11/30 TI - Plastic Waste Processing to be Alternative Fuels to Create Clean and Healthy Environment BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Innovation in Science and Technology (ICIST 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 253 EP - 258 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211129.054 DO - 10.2991/aer.k.211129.054 ID - Mado2021 ER -