Greetings and Politeness Used in French and Indonesian Language Communication
- 10.2991/icla-18.2019.84How to use a DOI?
- Greeting, politeness, conative function, phatic function
This current research is a descriptive research aiming to explain the form and function of greetings in Indonesian and French in the context of using the language politely for communication. The data of this research are speeches containing greetings both in Indonesian and French taken from the films: Amour, Demain tout commence, Ayah MengapaAkuBerbeda, Dilan 2, Dilan1, and Surga yang takDirindukan. The object of this study is the form and function of the greetings used in communication in some of the films in accordance with the context of language politeness. Data collection was carried out through nonparticipant observation technique. Data analysis was conducted from the beginning, researchers collected data using the model proposed by Ricoeur, using semantic, reflective and existential understanding. The results showed that the form of greetings used based on the data of this study were: 1. greeting forms in the form of (a) self-name and pronoun use, (b) age-related kinship names, and (c) titles related to status. The use of greetings in French and Indonesian was different. The word "dear" is used in the Indonesian society to greet children who are not yet mature by their father or mother, in contrast, in French society the word 'dear' is used to greet the wife or husband. The differences in the use of greetings in Indonesian and French are always related to politeness that is related to the culture of the Indonesian and French people. 2. The greeting forms found in the data of this research contain (a) conative functions and (b) phatic functions. The function of speech acts that is often used is conative function, speakers say because they want to get responses from their speech partners. phatic functions are used only when people meet each other in order to maintain relationships with their speech partners or provide information.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Siti Perdi Rahayu AU - Roswita Lumban Tobing AU - Rohali Rohali PY - 2019/03 DA - 2019/03 TI - Greetings and Politeness Used in French and Indonesian Language Communication BT - Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Languages and Arts (ICLA 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 517 EP - 526 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/icla-18.2019.84 DO - 10.2991/icla-18.2019.84 ID - Rahayu2019/03 ER -