With the establishment of the China-ASEAN free trade zone, the trade in agricultural products, especially garlic, between China and ASEAN countries has developed rapidly. While both sides are engaged in mutually beneficial and win-win garlic trade, the problem of garlic trade has become increasingly prominent. First of all, this paper describes the rapid development of China's garlic export to ASEAN in recent years in terms of trade patterns and commodity structure of garlic exports. Then, it concludes that the factors restricting the further development of China's garlic export to ASEAN are unbalanced production and marketing, low scientific and technological level, low quality, lack of brand awareness, and serious anti-dumping. Finally, from the management mode of garlic export enterprises, the market and the garlic profession association, three countermeasures are put forward in this paper.