Proceedings of the First International Conference on Health, Social Sciences and Technology (ICoHSST 2020)

Calcium Intake And Body Mass Index (BMI) On Bone Density

Authors
Yunita Nazarena, Terati
Corresponding Author
Yunita Nazarena
Available Online 19 April 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210415.063How to use a DOI?
Keywords
osteoporosis, calcium intake, body mass index, bone density, young girl
Abstract
Background: Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by reduced bone mass (density) and changes in the micro-architecture of bone tissue so that bone strength decreases and bone fragility increases (Menkes RI, 2008). Calcium intake is one of the determining factors in bone mass formation and has an effect on bone density (Setyawati et.al, 2013; Tusmantoyo et. al, 2014). The low BMI is related to the low achievement of peak bone mass and high bone mass loss (Ensrud et al, 2007). Objective: To analyze the relationship of calcium intake and Body Mass Index (BMI) to bone density Method: An epidemiological study that is observational analytic using a cross sectional study design. Independent variables: Calcium intake and Body Mass Index (BMI), dependent variable: Bone Density.Results: There was a significant correlation of respondents’ calcium intake with bone mineral density (p = 0.029). Respondents with less calcium intake (<80% AKG) risk 3,877 times experiencing abnormal bone mineral density (DMT) compared with respondents with good calcium intake (≥ 80% AKG). There was no significant relationship of body mass index (BMI) of respondents with bone mineral density (p = 0.309). Conclusions: There was a significant relationship between respondents’ calcium intake and bone mineral density. Calcium intake is a risk factor for low bone density.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Download article (PDF)

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yunita Nazarena
AU  - Terati
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/04/19
TI  - Calcium Intake And Body Mass Index (BMI) On Bone Density
BT  - Proceedings of the First International Conference on Health, Social Sciences and Technology (ICoHSST 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 305
EP  - 309
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210415.063
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210415.063
ID  - Nazarena2021
ER  -