Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)

The Determinants of Diphtheria Outbreak in Cirebon City

Authors
Mohamad Rahman Suhendri, Pariawan Lutfi Ghazali
Corresponding Author
Pariawan Lutfi Ghazali
Available Online 16 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.013How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Determinant, Diphtheria, Outbreak
Abstract

Background: Indonesia’s Ministry of Health reported 3,944 cases of diphtheria that occurred between 2011 and 2017 with 142 deaths. One of the cities with a high number of diphtheria cases is Cirebon. This study aimed to determine the factors related to diphtheria outbreaks in Cirebon.Methods: This observational study used a case-control design with a descriptive-analytic type. The total samples in this study were 33 with 11 case groups and 22 control groups. The independent variables consisted of age, nutritional status, immunization status, sex, and source of transmission. The sources of research data were medical records and questionnaires. The data were analyzed through univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses with p = 0.05 Results: The variables with a significant correlation with diphtheria were immunization status (p = 0.009), age (0.022), and source of transmission (p = 0.033). Meanwhile, nutritional status (p = 0.721) and sex (p = 1,000) were not related to diphtheria. The most influential variable was immunization status with 22.727 OR. The factors associated with unimmunized individuals or incomplete immunizations were low levels of education, poor knowledge, poverty, misconceptions, and certain religious beliefs in which immunization is not allowed.Conclusion: The factors related to diphtheria incidence are immunization status (the most dominant factor), age, and source of transmission.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
16 January 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-315-8
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.013How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Mohamad Rahman Suhendri
AU  - Pariawan Lutfi Ghazali
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01/16
TI  - The Determinants of Diphtheria Outbreak in Cirebon City
BT  - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 64
EP  - 68
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.013
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.013
ID  - Suhendri2021
ER  -