Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)

The Relationship Between Climate Factors and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Incidence in Sleman, Yogyakarta

Authors
Tri Wulandari Kesetyaningsih, Reza Arief Fauzan
Corresponding Author
Tri Wulandari Kesetyaningsih
Available Online 23 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.116How to use a DOI?
Keywords
rainfall, DHF, rainy day, humidity, temperature
Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a viral disease that is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions. It is spread through the bite of the Aedes mosquito. One of the factors influencing the spread of DHF is climate, which influences both vector and virus activity. The climate of a region is influenced by geographical conditions. Sleman Regency is the third-most-affected dengue-endemic area in Yogyakarta, and has various geographical and climatic conditions that may contribute to DHF incidence. This study aims to examine the relationship between climatic factors and the incidence of DHF, with the results potentially assisting in the development of an early warning system. The study was analytic observational with a cross-sectional design. Data on the incidence of DHF between 2008 and 2015, as the dependent variable, were obtained from the District Health Office. Climate data, as independent variables, were obtained from the local Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency. The climate parameters studied were humidity, temperature, the difference between minimum and maximum temperatures, rainfall, and number of rainy days. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between variables. The total incidence of DHF in Sleman Regency was 4,125 from 2008 to 2015. Results showed that humidity was positively correlated with DHF (p < 0.001; r = 0.458), as were rainy days (p < 0.001; r = 0.429) and rainfall (p < 0.001; r = 0.428). Temperature was not correlated with DHF (p = 0.407; r = 0.086). The minimum-maximum temperature difference was not correlated at a statistically significant level, but had a negative direction was close to the significance threshold (p = 0.06; r = -0.278). It was concluded that the determinants of DHF in Sleman Regency are humidity, rainfall, and rainy days. As these three parameters increase, the incidence of DHF also increases.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
Series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
23 January 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-315-8
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.116How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Tri Wulandari Kesetyaningsih
AU  - Reza Arief Fauzan
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01/23
TI  - The Relationship Between Climate Factors and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Incidence in Sleman, Yogyakarta
BT  - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020–Health Science and Nursing (ICoSIHSN 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 614
EP  - 619
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.116
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.210115.116
ID  - Kesetyaningsih2021
ER  -