Proceedings of the International Conference on Special and Inclusive Education (ICSIE 2018)

Social Skill Scale based on Diversity Awareness for Elementary School Students: Validity and Reliability

Authors
Aini Mahabbati, Purwandari Purwandari, Tin Suharmini, Nurdayati Praptiningrum
Corresponding Author
Aini Mahabbati
Available Online April 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icsie-18.2019.82How to use a DOI?
Keywords
students social skills, diversity awareness, behavior scale construction
Abstract
Developing students' social skills in inclusive schools becomes an important study because of the diverse situation mainly due to students with special needs there and it could be reference of social skills expected by students and become a measure of program success. Previous research has found 46 items of Social Skills Scales based on Diversity Awareness for Elementary School Students (S3DAESS): empathy (15 items), communication and social interaction (13 items), controlling aggression (5 items), open minded (4 items), helping behaviors (4 items), self-understanding (3 items), and learning behavior (2 items). This study aims to establish validity and reliability of S3DAESS. Respondents were 256 students from 13 schools. 12.5% (49) respondents are students with special needs. The scale for each respondent was filled by the teacher. Data analysis through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) method using statistics with SPSS software. The result shows all items fulfill validity coefficient (≥is 0.40). The smallest coefficient of item is 0.406 (realizing self-strengths and weakness) and the biggest is 0.845 (interacting without distinguishing non-physical special needs of friends). Invalids items (loading factor of <0.50) found are apologizing, showing good response to friends, working with special needs friends, collaborating; not avoiding teachers or other adults, good speaking or behaving, offering help, and realizing self-strengths and weakness). Scale reliability test shows a very high consistency or reliability (alpha coefficient of 0.975 (> 0.6)). The norm tests establish the standard norm for scale: <92 indicate low social skills categories; 92-138 medium; and >138 high
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Aini Mahabbati
AU  - Purwandari Purwandari
AU  - Tin Suharmini
AU  - Nurdayati Praptiningrum
PY  - 2019/04
DA  - 2019/04
TI  - Social Skill Scale based on Diversity Awareness for Elementary School Students: Validity and Reliability
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Special and Inclusive Education (ICSIE 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 438
EP  - 444
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsie-18.2019.82
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsie-18.2019.82
ID  - Mahabbati2019/04
ER  -