Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences Education - "Multicultural Transformation in Education, Social Sciences and Wetland Environment" (ICSSE 2017)

Potency of Chitin as an Adsorbent in Black Water Treatment Process at Peatland Environment

Authors
Mr Syahmani, Mrs Leny, Rilia Iriani, Rahmat Eko Sanjaya
Corresponding Author
Mr Syahmani
Available Online November 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icsse-17.2018.70How to use a DOI?
Keywords
black water treatment, adsorbent, column system, chitin
Abstract
The main problem in treatment peat water is related to its specific characteristics, such as low pH (3-4), high organic content, high Fe and Mn content, and dark brown or black water. The objectives of this research are: (1) to determine the potency and effectiveness of chitin as an adsorbent in black water treatment process using column system, and (2) to know the desorption capability of dilute acid toward the Fe and Mn cations that adsorbed in chitin column. The results showed that chitin was successfully isolated from shrimp waste by hydrolysis reaction (including three steps namely deproteination, decalcification, and decolorizing). Chitin column system is effective enough to be used as an adsorbent black water. Active sites of chitin (acetamide and hydroxyl) have the ability to adsorb metals contained in the black water of eco-friendly land. The maximum ability of chitin in black water treatment happened at 30 cm display column and 6 drops/min for flow rate. In this maximum condition, chitin column ability reduces Fe, Mn, dissolved solids, BOD, COD, pH, temperature, and color respectively as much as 86.69%, 91.80%, 98.67%, up to 275%, below 99%, neutral pH range, normal air temperature, and colorless. Thus, chitin can be utilized to treat black water until it is suitable to drink. People knowledge about chitin potency as the adsorbent in black water can transform the habit of people around black water environment in using black water. Black water will be used by people around peatland environment after the treatment by chitin as a tool to the black water treatment process.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Mr Syahmani
AU  - Mrs Leny
AU  - Rilia Iriani
AU  - Rahmat Eko Sanjaya
PY  - 2017/11
DA  - 2017/11
TI  - Potency of Chitin as an Adsorbent in Black Water Treatment Process at Peatland Environment
BT  - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social Sciences Education - "Multicultural Transformation in Education, Social Sciences and Wetland Environment" (ICSSE 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 316
EP  - 321
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsse-17.2018.70
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icsse-17.2018.70
ID  - Syahmani2017/11
ER  -