Proceedings of ICT for Sustainability 2016

Assessing GHG Benefits Induced by ICT Services in Practice: A Case Study and Resulting Challenges

Authors
Vlad Coroama, Mattias Höjer
Corresponding Author
Vlad Coroama
Available Online August 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ict4s-16.2016.4How to use a DOI?
Keywords
ICT enablement; enabling effect; abatement potential; avoided emissions; ICT as part of the solution; ICT for sustainability; gas leakage discovery; ontological uncertainty
Abstract
High expectations are placed on the ability of ICT to play an important role in reducing GHG emissions, now and in the future. Several calculations of such benefits were put forward over the last years, usually performed by the industry. Their methods and assumptions, however, remained often unspecified, and the assessments frequently led to hardly plausible claims. In this paper, we present the results of applying a stricter approach to one specific service - the detection of gas leakages in the US through gas sensors installed on Google street view cars, together with an advanced algorithm for translating the collected data to useful information on the location and magnitude of gas leakages. We further discuss a new set of four practical challenges for such assessments that were identified during this exercise, and which are new compared to previous theoretical work: the allocation between ICT and non-ICT sectors, practical challenges in defining the baseline, the usually polluted indirect data at hand, and issues of the generalisation to society-wide potentials. We then discuss to which extent these challenges can be addressed, and which of them are of a more fundamental nature.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
ICT for Sustainability 2016
Part of series
Advances in Computer Science Research
Publication Date
August 2016
ISBN
978-94-6252-224-4
ISSN
2352-538X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ict4s-16.2016.4How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Vlad Coroama
AU  - Mattias Höjer
PY  - 2016/08
DA  - 2016/08
TI  - Assessing GHG Benefits Induced by ICT Services in Practice: A Case Study and Resulting Challenges
BT  - ICT for Sustainability 2016
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-538X
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ict4s-16.2016.4
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ict4s-16.2016.4
ID  - Coroama2016/08
ER  -