Proceedings of ICT for Sustainability 2016

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37 articles
Proceedings Article

A case for the development of data standards for reporting projections of growth in the Internet's energy consumption

Etienne-Victor Depasquale, Chris Preist
A growing body of literature (the "energy litera-ture"), from academic as well as industrial sources, is contrib-uting to knowledge about the growth of the Internet's energy consumption. Despite a general consensus on trends, there exist significant differences in the values published as well as in the...
Proceedings Article

A Data Analysis Approach for Diagnosing Malfunctioning in Domestic Space Heating

Seyed Amin Tabatabaei
Around one third of worldwide energy usage is for the residential section and 60% of the energy consumption in this domestic area is for space heating. Therefore, monitoring and controlling this part of energy usage can have a major effect on the overall energy consumption and also on the emission of...
Proceedings Article

A Resource Utilization Score for Software Energy Consumption

Erik Jagroep, Jan Martijn Werf, van der, Jordy Broekman, Leen Blom, Rob Vliet, van, Sjaak Brinkkemper
Software as the true consumer of power and its potential contribution to reach sustainability goals is increasingly being acknowledged. Studies so far have presented successful results and methods to address the energy consumption of the software, indicating that different stakeholders striving for green...
Proceedings Article

Assessing GHG Benefits Induced by ICT Services in Practice: A Case Study and Resulting Challenges

Vlad Coroama, Mattias Höjer
High expectations are placed on the ability of ICT to play an important role in reducing GHG emissions, now and in the future. Several calculations of such benefits were put forward over the last years, usually performed by the industry. Their methods and assumptions, however, remained often unspecified,...
Proceedings Article

Conception of a Big Data platform in context of the energy industry

Benjamin Wagner vom Berg, Marius Brinkmann, Jorge Marx Gomez
In this paper, the idea of an integrated large scalable big data platform for the energy industry as a contribution to EMIS will be described. For this, use cases are identified that could bring forward a sustainable energy consumption and that faces the challenges of a fluctuating energy production....
Proceedings Article

Data Center Performance Model for Evaluating Load Dependent Energy Efficiency

Daniel Schlitt, Wolfgang Nebel
Energy efficiency metrics are important tools for data center operators to optimize their facilities and thereby decreasing operational expenses while strengthen competitiveness. However, commonly used metrics like Power Usage Effectiveness do not consider productivity or suitable proxy indicators, thus...
Proceedings Article

Designing for sustainability: Breakthrough or suboptimisation?

Daniel Pargman, Edvard Ahlsén, Cecilia Engelbert
Technological developments in screen technologies pitches the thinner, brighter and energy-stingy OLED screen as a possible replacement for today's television, computer and smartphone LCD screens. An OLED screen does not consume any energy at all when it displays the color black, but the potentially...
Proceedings Article

Encouraging Renewable Energy Consumption Through Dynamic Pricing

Italo Brito, Claudio De Farias, Luci Pirmez, Leonardo Ribeiro, Luiz Carmo
Smart Grids are smart networks of energy transmission and distribution that enable a two-way communication between the consumer and distributor. Smart Grids are important for energy sustainability and environmental preservation avoiding the non-renewable energy consumption since decentralized suppliers...
Proceedings Article

Energy Efficiency and Power Measurements: an Industrial Survey

Giuseppe Procaccianti, Aristeidis Routsis
In the last few years, the energy consumption of data centers increased substantially. Currently, energy costs are the main expenditure in data center ownership. This creates the need for more precise quantitative metrics and measurements for energy management in the data center industry. However, despite...
Proceedings Article

Engineering Requirements for Social Sustainability

Maryam Al Hinai, Ruzanna Chitchyan
Software is no longer a passive tool, but is an active agent in shaping modern communities. Yet, to date, software engineers do not endeavour to explicitly state requirements which a software system must fulfil if it is to positively contribute to the well-being (that is the social sustainability) of...
Proceedings Article

Exploiting Fitness Apps for Sustainable Mobility - Challenges Deploying the GoEco! App

Dominik Bucher, Francesca Cellina, Francesca Mangili, Martin Raubal, Roman Rudel, Andrea Emilio Rizzoli, Omar Elabed
The large interest in analyzing one's own fitness led to the development of more and more powerful smartphone applications. Most are capable of tracking a user's position and mode of locomotion, data that do not only reflect personal health, but also mobility choices. A large field of research is concerned...
Proceedings Article

Governing the Smart Sustainable City: the case of Stockholm Royal Seaport

Anna Kramers, Josefin Wangel, Mattias Höjer
The aim of this paper is to improve the understanding on how city administrations can integrate ICT solutions for urban sustainability into processes of planning, i.e. how to govern the Smart Sustainable City. The paper is based on a case study of how the City of Stockholm has worked with integrating...
Proceedings Article

Green Cloud? The current and future development of energy consumption by data centers, networks and end-user devices

Ralph Hintemann, Jens Clausen
Cloud computing is an efficient way to provide IT capacity. From an ecological perspective, the use of cloud computing is usually assumed to entail lower consumption of energy and materials. However, it is difficult to assess whether this assumption is true. Cloud computing means shifting processing...
Proceedings Article

Homeowners as Engaged Participants: Determining information needs to maximize the environmental benefit of green renovations

Mahtab Sabet, Steve Easterbrook
Green home renovation is a socio-technical process involving homeowners and professionals. Homeowners undertaking a green renovation encounter unfamiliar terms and must navigate potentially conflicting information from different sources. These challenges prevent some homeowners from being fully engaged...
Proceedings Article

Life Cycle Assessment of a Smartphone

Mine Ercan, Jens Malmodin, Pernilla Bergmark, Emma Kimfalk, Ellinor Nilsson
It is of interest to understand the life cycle contribution from the use of smartphones including their network usage, as well as to gain knowledge regarding the impact of the smartphone as a device to provide input for network studies. This cradle-to- grave study is based on life cycle assessment (LCA)...
Proceedings Article

Multi-perspective ICT-toolkit supporting inclusive and sustainable mobility planning in rural areas

Bente Knoll, Petra Buáwald, Ralf Dopheide, Roswitha Hofmann, Christoph Link, Paul Pfaffenbichler, Georg Spreitzer
The Austrian R&D-project "AlltagsSPUREN" sup-ports small, mostly rural, municipalities in their efforts to make the local mobility system more inclusive and sustainable. For this purpose, it provides a multi-perspective ICT tools and service kit to be used for activating residents, analysing mobility-related...
Proceedings Article

Responsible software: A research agenda to help enterprises become more sustainable

Sergio Espana, Sjaak Brinkkemper
[BACKGROUND] Responsible enterprises are key to reaching a sustainable economy that cares about the people and the planet. Their spectrum is wide and it encompasses, among others, non-profit non-governmental organisations, social economy enterprises and companies with a committed corporate social responsibility....
Proceedings Article

Smart Cities MOOC: Teaching citizens how to co-create smart cities

Lorraine Hudson, Gerd Kortuem, Annika Wolff, Patrina Law
There is increasing recognition that the ICT4S community needs to take a role in both developing education and conducting research on how to educate people in using ICT to make urban areas more sustainable. In this paper we explore the question how can a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) be used to engage...
Proceedings Article

Smart City Planning and Environmental Aspects: Lessons from Seven Cities

Tina Ringenson, Mattias Höjer
In this paper, we explore some promising Smart Sustainable City initiatives and solutions in Amsterdam, Barce-lona, San Francisco, Seoul, Shanghai and Vienna, with a focus on environmental aspects. These initiatives and solutions include implementations of smart sustainable city technologies, and mu-nicipal...
Proceedings Article

Sustainability Design: Lessons from Designing A "Green Map"

Dawn Walker, Christoph Becker
The prevalence of urban agriculture groups mobilizing to create change in cities provides a rich opportunity to understand how these communities use and can design ICTs to support sustainability. In particular, organizations are using 'green maps' to make visible local projects, initiatives, and features,...
Proceedings Article

Sustainability Knowledge about Software Parts in Software Engineering Processes

Benno Schmidt
The ecological and sustainable design, implementation and configuration of software is a rather difficult task these days. Practical guidelines and helpful hints to assist software architects, programmers, and operators in their daily business are still rare. This paper discusses a basic strategy for...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable and Smart: Rethinking What a Smart Home is

Maha Salman, Steve Easterbrook, Samar Sabie, Josie Abate
The term Smart Home typically refers to dwellings augmented with high-tech responsive systems such that heating, air conditioning, lighting, appliances, entertainment outlets, and architectural components are computerized and managed, often via a remote control. Smart homes promise comfort, convenience,...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable food systems with ICT

Åsa Svenfelt, Jorge Luis Zapico
The food system is burdened by many and severe negative environmental and social impacts. Two of the reasons for the impacts are the increasing scale and globalisation of the food system. ICT has been put forward as a means to enhance sustainability in society, yet the potential for food systems is underexplored....
Proceedings Article

Tailor-made energy consulting for five different consumer groups

Bente Knoll, Georg Spreitzer, Christoph Göbl
Energy consulting for private homes can make a sig-nificant contribution to achieving energy efficiency targets. The success of energy consulting, which means as much as that the con-sulting leads to real energy savings, depends not only on socioeco-nomic, environmental, structural and technical factors...
Proceedings Article

The energy and carbon footprint of the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden 1990-2015 and beyond

Jens Malmodin, Dag Lundén
This paper is a detailed study of the energy and carbon footprint of the ICT (Information and Communication Technology) and E&M (Entertainment and Media) sectors in Sweden both historically, currently (2015) and beyond. It is a follow up to a study of ICT in Sweden 2010.Several studies predict that the...
Proceedings Article

The role of interoperability in sustainable decisions: the case of CDP

Maria Mora-Rodriguez, Chris Preist
Climate change, pollution, deforestation and water scarcity are important problems that human activities provoke. Business decisions and actions are the major causes of environ-mental degradation. Decisions based on broader aspects than financial ones are required to bring solutions to these environ-mental...
Proceedings Article

Boosting the Renewable Energy Economy with NRGcoin

Mihail Mihaylov, Ivan Razo-Zapata, Roxana Radulescu, Ann Nowe
Recent work introduced the concept of NRGcoin [1] - a decentralized digital currency for renewable energy, based on Blockchain technology. In this abstract we summarize the con-cept and outline how this currency benefits each stakeholder in the smart grid and the renewable energy economy as a whole....
Proceedings Article

Development of a Label for Green Software Products: A person-oriented view

Eva Kern
Information and communication technologies (ICT) consume a lot of natural resources and influence the life of sociality in many different contexts. Thus, academia came up with research projects addressing sustainability issues of ICT. Generally, these comprise social, economic and environmental aspects....
Proceedings Article

Diagnostic Visualisation of Building Management System Energy Data

Paul Shabajee, Chris Preist, Daniel Schien, John Brenton, Chris Jones
This poster presents work done at the University of Bristol as part of the IODiCUS (Interoperable Open Digital Control Unit System) project [1]. The project is, in part, focused on exploring campus scale energy management and improving the usefulness of data from Building Management Systems (BMS) across...
Proceedings Article

Enabling peer-to-peer electricity trading

Jordan Murkin, Ruzanna Chitchyan, Alastair Byrne
Due to the recent advances in household-level renewableelectricity generation technology, a new type of market based on peer-to-peer (P2P) electricity trading between households will emerge. This poster presents a technical platform which will enable such a market to function.
Proceedings Article

Household routines: identifying contextual cues for energy related activities

Mary Barreto
Technology has become embedded in how people conduct their daily lives within their home space [1]. A number of studies suggest changing context cues, which trigger existing or habitual behaviors [2] [3]. People's habits have been studied for a long time in terms of health, work productivity and sustainability...
Proceedings Article

IODiCUS - Smart Balancing of Local Energy Demand

Daniel Schien, Paul Shabajee, John Brenton, Chris Jones, Chris Preist
For electric utility companies variability of demand for electricity results in disproportionately high cost for services consumed only for a small duration of the day.High peak demand means: More power plants and network infrastructure must be available to supply these peaks. 'Dispatchable' energy sources...
Proceedings Article

Mobile phones: social impacts during the use phase

Elisabeth Ekener, Elena Mokeeva
Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA) is a technique for as-sessing social impacts throughout the life cycle of a product, aiming to predict and improve social conditions of affected stakeholders. LCA requires a comprehensive approach, i.e. covering all phases of a product life cycle, however an ap-proach...
Proceedings Article

On the relationship between automation and occupants in smart buildings

Ilche Georgievski, Thijs Bouman
Cities are significant contributors to global emission of CO2. Among city entities, buildings are the largest energyconsuming sector and are therefore an important source of CO2 emissions. A key issue in buildings is that their current energy systems fail to use energy in a smart and sustainable way....
Proceedings Article

Smart Education

Marieke Versteijlen, Paquita Perez Salgado, Marleen Janssen Groesbeek
Concerning their CO2 footprint, Higher Education (HE) in the Netherlands must meet the more stringent requirements imposed by the government for energy efficiency and reducing CO2 emissions. This survey, commissioned by SURFsara, examines the contribution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)...
Proceedings Article

SustDataED: A Public Dataset for Electric Energy Disaggregation Research

Miguel Ribeiro, Lucas Pereira, Filipe Quintal, Nuno Nunes
In this paper we present the SustDataED (SustData for Energy Disaggregation) dataset. The dataset is an extension to the original SustData dataset [1], and consists of electric energy consumption and room occupancy measurements taken from a single-family residence in Portugal composed of four householders....
Proceedings Article

WaterGram: A citizen-centric platform to monitor water quality

Ivan S. Razo-Zapata, Giacomo Piovan, Christian Penny
WaterGram will empower citizens (e.g. students, scientists, designers) and public authorities to make knowledge on water quality more accessible. Even though water is an important asset within our urban environment - from our water tap to the river flowing under a bridge, from the rainwater to the greywater...