The Efficacy of Chitosan Toothpaste Based White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) to Decrease Streptococcus Mutans Colonies in Children with Early Childhood Caries
Yunita Feby Ramadhany, Harun Achmad, Putri Khairunnisa, Mardiana Mardiana
Yunita Feby Ramadhany
Available Online May 2018.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11How to use a DOI?
- chitosan, white shrimp, toothpaste, Streptococcus mutans
- Caries are common in early childhood. The prevalence of early childhood caries according to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry is 57.7%. One of the causes is Streptococcus mutans bacteria. The most effective method to prevent plaque accumulation is to brush the teeth with toothpaste. Chitosan is a natural biopolymer that is safe to use as an antibacterial and can be combined with toothpaste for children with early childhood caries. The objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of chitosan from white shrimp (Litopenaeus van-namei) as toothpaste to reduce S. mutans in early childhood caries. The results of a paired t-test using SPSS ver. 22.0 for Windows showed a significant decrease in the number of colonies of S. mutans from before to after brushing with 5% chi-tosan toothpaste. The number of bacterial colonies pretest was 120.4 CFU and that post-test was 11.4 CFU (p < 0.05). Chitosan toothpaste 5% was effective in decreasing the number of colonies of S. mutans in cases of early childhood caries.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yunita Feby Ramadhany AU - Harun Achmad AU - Putri Khairunnisa AU - Mardiana Mardiana PY - 2018/05 DA - 2018/05 TI - The Efficacy of Chitosan Toothpaste Based White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) to Decrease Streptococcus Mutans Colonies in Children with Early Childhood Caries BT - 11th International Dentistry Scientific Meeting (IDSM 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 77 EP - 84 SN - 2468-5739 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11 ID - Ramadhany2018/05 ER -