Proceedings of the 11th International Dentistry Scientific Meeting (IDSM 2017)

The Efficacy of Chitosan Toothpaste Based White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) to Decrease Streptococcus Mutans Colonies in Children with Early Childhood Caries

Authors
Yunita Feby Ramadhany, Harun Achmad, Putri Khairunnisa, Mardiana Mardiana
Corresponding Author
Yunita Feby Ramadhany
Available Online May 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11How to use a DOI?
Keywords
chitosan, white shrimp, toothpaste, Streptococcus mutans
Abstract
Caries are common in early childhood. The prevalence of early childhood caries according to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry is 57.7%. One of the causes is Streptococcus mutans bacteria. The most effective method to prevent plaque accumulation is to brush the teeth with toothpaste. Chitosan is a natural biopolymer that is safe to use as an antibacterial and can be combined with toothpaste for children with early childhood caries. The objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of chitosan from white shrimp (Litopenaeus van-namei) as toothpaste to reduce S. mutans in early childhood caries. The results of a paired t-test using SPSS ver. 22.0 for Windows showed a significant decrease in the number of colonies of S. mutans from before to after brushing with 5% chi-tosan toothpaste. The number of bacterial colonies pretest was 120.4 CFU and that post-test was 11.4 CFU (p < 0.05). Chitosan toothpaste 5% was effective in decreasing the number of colonies of S. mutans in cases of early childhood caries.
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Proceedings
11th International Dentistry Scientific Meeting (IDSM 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
May 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-513-9
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yunita Feby Ramadhany
AU  - Harun Achmad
AU  - Putri Khairunnisa
AU  - Mardiana Mardiana
PY  - 2018/05
DA  - 2018/05
TI  - The Efficacy of Chitosan Toothpaste Based White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) to Decrease Streptococcus Mutans Colonies in Children with Early Childhood Caries
BT  - 11th International Dentistry Scientific Meeting (IDSM 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/idsm-17.2018.11
ID  - Ramadhany2018/05
ER  -