Proceedings of the 11th International Dentistry Scientific Meeting (IDSM 2017)
Genetics of Crouzon Syndrome
Aida Ariella, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Premature fusion of cranial sutures is called craniosynostosis. The prevalence of this condition is approximately 1 in 2100 to 1 in 2500 births. In approximately 20% of cases, mutations in single genes can be identified as causative agents of craniosynostosis. The most common form of craniosynostosis...
Evaluation and Comparison of Patient Feedback on Chlorhexidine Vs Anti-Calculus Mouthrinse After 6 Months of Compliance
An Thi Khanh Nguyen, Thuy Anh Vu Pham
Chronic inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth is associated with the bacterial biofilm (plaque) that covers the teeth and gums. Gingivitis was once seen as the first stage in a chronic degenerative process which resulted in the loss of both gum and bone tissue surrounding the teeth. It...
Povidone-Iodine as Subgingival Irrigation in Chronic Periodontitis Treatment
Anh Thi Mai Nguyen, Nhat Dinh Dinh Phan
The objective of this study is to verify the effects of 0.1% povidone-iodine (PVP-I) as subgingival irrigation on chronic periodontitis patients after 4, 6 and 8-week treatment. A clinical trial was conducted on 18 patients from 30 to 65 years old (mean age: 51.1±11.2) with moderate or severe chronic...
Effect of GHR variation on mandibular height
Arief Johanes Halim, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Growth hormone (GH) is a hormone produced by the acidophil of the anterior pi-tuitary gland that affects the growth and development of craniofacial structures. GH must bind to the growth hormone receptor (GHR) to stimulate the target site. As GH is the primary regulator of bone growth, the GHR plays...
The Genetics of Asthma
Astrinia Ristia Putri, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by airway obstruction and hyper-responsiveness. It is a complex disorder influenced by genetic and en-vironmental factors, which contribute to the clinical manifestations of asthma. Asthma may affect the lower respiratory tract, causing epithelial...
Respiratory Rate as a Physiological Response to Dental Anxiety
Cahyanti Wydiastuti Susilo, Eva Fauziah
Dental treatment is often associated with pain, fear, and anxiety. Unfortunately, children with dental anxiety tend to resist dental treatment and behave uncooper-atively during dental procedures. Dental treatment is known to be stressful and is often associated with a physiological response; therefore,...
Patient’s Self-Assessment on Orofacial Aesthetic
Chu Mian Loo, Hsiao Ting Ong, Natasya Ahmad Tarib, Ting Khee Ho
Appearance is important in social interactions and are very subjective. The pa-tients’ demand is crucial to achieve successful esthetic results. Demographic background may be one of the contributing factors that lead to such a demand. Orofacial Esthetic Scale (OES) has been developed to measure these...
Malocclusion in Mouth-Breathing Children Caused by Nasal Obstruction
Cynthia M. Anggraini, Sarworini B. Budiardjo, Darmawan B. Setyanto, Ike S. Indiarti
This pilot study analyzed the relationship between habitual mouth breathing and malocclusion in patients diagnosed with upper airway obstruction. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted by consecutive sampling of chil-dren/adolescents with allergic rhinitis, rhinosinusitis, and adenoid hypertrophy....
The Acidity Level (pH) of Saliva of People in Living in High Radon Level Areas and Its Correlation with the Prevalence of Caries
Dhea Ferrani Permatasari, Irmaleny Irmaleny, Suhardjo Sitam, Ervin Rizali
Radon radiation impairs saliva secretion and lowers normal pH levels, which in turn alters the balance of normal oral microflora and leads to caries progression. The aim of this research is to determine the acidity level (pH) of saliva of people living in high radon level areas and its correlation with...
Clinical Evaluation of Dental Implants Performed in the Universitas Indonesia Dental Training Hospital Periodontal Clinic from 2009 to 2014
Faradina Putriyanti, Yuniarti Soeroso, Hari Sunarto
There is no long-term evaluation of the clinical conditions of dental implants per-formed in the Universitas Indonesia (UI) Dental Training Hospital periodontal clinic. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical condition of dental implants performed in the UI Dental Training Hospital periodontal...
The Efficacy of Chitosan Toothpaste Based White Shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) to Decrease Streptococcus Mutans Colonies in Children with Early Childhood Caries
Yunita Feby Ramadhany, Harun Achmad, Putri Khairunnisa, Mardiana Mardiana
Caries are common in early childhood. The prevalence of early childhood caries according to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry is 57.7%. One of the causes is Streptococcus mutans bacteria. The most effective method to prevent plaque accumulation is to brush the teeth with toothpaste. Chitosan...
Congenital Missing Teeth
Jessica Anggono, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Oral health plays a major role in an individual’s well-being, affecting all aspects of quality of life: esthetics, function, and speech. Abnormalities in oral health may disrupt any or all of these aspects. One of the challenging and most common dental anomalies found in daily practice is congenital...
Preventive Oral Health Care in a School for Children with Special Health Care Needs
Kittichai Sireerat, Patcharaphol Samnieng
Purpose: The objectives of this study were 1. To examine the oral health status of children with special health care needs and 2. To evaluate a preventive oral health care program for these children. Method: Subjects included 32 children in a spe-cial health care needs school who were given an oral examination....
Molecular Genetics and Epigenetics of Ankyloglossia
Lili Nur Indah Sari, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Ankyloglossia is an autosomal dominant condition with in complete penetrence, haracterized by frenulum lingual hypertrophy that produces a thicker and shorter tongue, which may cause significant problems with breastfeeding. It also causes speech and oral motor problems. The prevalence of ankyloglossia...
Anthropometric Evaluation of Lip Symmetry following Cronin Method Labioplasty for Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate Cases
Made Widya Utami, Muhammad Syafrudin Hak, Lilies Dwi Sulistyani, Pradono Suhardi
Surgical treatment for patients with cleft lip aims at restoring facial balance and harmony. Cronin method labioplasty in patients with unilateral cleft lip and pal-ate (UCLP) produces symmetrical lips with minimal scarring. This study evaluates lip symmetry following Cronin method labioplasty in patients...
Evaluation of Upper and Lower Lip Growth following Cronin Method Labioplasty in Unilateral Complete Cleft Lip and Palate Cases
Made Widya Utami, Muhammad Syafrudin Hak, Lilies Dwi Sulistyani, Pradono Suhardi
The importance of lips in influencing facial profile quality is now a major consid-eration in the surgical treatment of patients with cleft lips. Orbicularis oris recon-struction is important in the Cronin method of labioplasty in order to balance up-per lip growth. This study evaluates upper- and lower...
Pilot evaluation of the therapeutic effect of Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) in Arresting dental caries in the primary teeth of Cambodian slum children
Mengkheng Chray, Shunhour Khorn, Sreykhouch Da, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward
Background. Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) is a clinically applied treatment that controls active dental caries and aids in preventing further progression of the car-ies process. Aim of study. To establish the effectiveness of SDF in arresting pri-mary tooth caries in 6-12-year-old Cambodian children....
The influence of different barometric pressure conditions on bond strength of glass fiber post cemented with resin cement
Mohd Najib Md Razi, Ting Khee Ho, Natasya Ahmad Tarib
The objective of this study is to evaluate the bond strength of glass fiber post af-ter cemented with RelyX?"? Unicem resin cement under different barometric pres-sure conditions. A total of 20 extracted, single-rooted lower premolars were endo-dontically treated. Post space was prepared and the glass...
Molecular Genetics of Peutz-Jegher Syndrome
Monica Monica, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is one of the inherited syndromes associated with polyposis. It is characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation, especially in the vermilion border of the lips and gastrointestinal tract. This is known as hamartomatous polyposis. The disease results from an autosomal dominant...
Salivary Flow Rate in Human Population with High Radon Exposure and Its Correlation to Caries
Irmaleny Irmaleny, Soehardjo Soehardjo, Sri Tjahajawati, Nisa Nadiah
Radon is a radioactive substance derived from a uranium compound, it is odor-less and colorless. It can radiate an alfa beam which is capable of damaging the performance of the salivary gland causing decreased saliva volume. This dimin-ishes the self-cleansing ability of the teeth and encourages the...
Body Discomfort Due to Musculoskeletal Disorders among Dental Practitioners in Primary Healthcare Center in Bandung City
Nur Ismah Gitasari, Sri Tjahajawati, Rosilawati Wihardja
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are one of the main occupational health haz-ards affecting dental practitioners and result in discomfort, pain, and illness that can result in disruption or impairment of dental practice. The objective of this study is to discover the description of MSD among dental practitioners...
The Effect of Light-Curing Duration and Different Composite Shades on Color Stability of Composite Resins
Nurhanani Mohd Sadek, Nur Syuhadah Jamal, Victor Goh, Goo Chui Ling
Aims of this study is to evaluate the effect of light-curing duration using light-emitting diodes (LED) curing units and different composite shades on the color stability of the composite resins. Specimens in four shades of two types of com-posite resin were prepared and polymerized with the LED curing...
Genetic and Epigenetic Aspects of Crouzon’s Syndrome
Nasytha Vikarina Siregar, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Crouzon’s syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by a distinctive malfor-mation of the skull and facial region resulting from the premature fusion of the cranial sutures, abnormal growth of bones, and facial deformities caused by the underdevelopment of the midfacial region and hypertelorism. This...
Factors Associated with Gingivitis in 10-Year-Old School Children in Vietnam
Phuc Anh Nguyen, Thuy Anh Vu Pham
The objective of this study is to determine factors associated with gingivitis in 10-year-old Vietnamese school children. A cross-sectional study consisted of 1,079 children matched for age 10-year-old who were randomly selected from 16 public schools in Ho Chi Minh City, 2015 applying PPS (Probability...
Genetics of Cherubism
Nikita Syahrussiami Firdaus, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Cherubism, characterized by bone resorption limited to either side of the jaws, is a rare bone dysplasia that leads to facial swelling. The swelling is symmetrical, hard, and painless. The disorder typically begins in childhood and then slowly deceler-ates, stopping at puberty. Studies have reported...
Radiographic Evaluation of Dental Implants in the Periodontal Clinic Rumah Sakit Khusus Gigi dan Mulut (RSKGM) by the Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia from 2009 to 2014
Stevany Grafiyanti, Yuniarti Soeroso, Hari Sunarto
Dental implant treatment is an alternative to tooth replacement with high success and survival rates. Evaluation of implant treatment is useful for predicting a treatment protocol that can determine the best surgical and implant systems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate implant treatments by...
Evaluation of the Depth of the Curve of Spee, Overjet, and Overbite in Class I, Class II, and Class III Malocclusion Among Patients at University of North Sumatera Dental Hospital
Nazruddin Nazruddin, Yan Yu Tan
The curve of Spee is an important characteristic in the mandibular arch. An opti-mal occlusion must have a curve of Spee ranging from flat to mild. Therefore, an understanding of the curve of Spee is essential for both diagnosis and treatment planning in orthodontics. The aim of this study was to examine...
Evaluation of Nostril Symmetry Post-Cronin Labioplasty and Tajima Rhinoplasty in Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Cases
Teuku Nolly Iskandar, Muhammad Syafrudin Hak, Lilies Dwi Sulistyani, Pradono Suhardi
Nasal deformity in cleft lip patients is caused by nasal septum deviation, alar car-tilage distortion, and unparalleled maxillar and alveolar bones due to a widening of the palate. Additional rhinoplasty when using the labioplasty method is a solu-tion to achieving nostril symmetry in unilateral cleft...
Correlation Between Obesity And Periodontitis In Vietnamese Patients
Thao Phuong Thi Tran, Trung Huynh Tran, Thuy Anh Vu Pham
The objective of this study is to determine the correlation between periodontitis and obesity in patients reporting at the Tradi-tional Medicine Institute in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. This cross-sectional study sample consisted of 679 adult patients aged between 18 and 83 years who visited examination...
Surface Roughness of Nanofiller Composite Resin after Immersion in Black Tea
Tiffany Henry Phanestu, Lasminda Syafiar
The objective of this study is to evaluate the surface roughness of a nanofiller composite resin after immersion in black tea for 1, 2, 3, and 4 h. A total of 24 disk-shaped samples were fabricated from a nanofiller composite resin (Filtek Z350XT, 3M ESPE, USA) and divided into the following four test...
Vassa Khema Katthika, Elza Ibrahim Auerkari
Primary defects in the development of two or more ectoderm-derived tissues are shared by a rare heterogeneous group of inherited disorders called ectodermal dysplasia (ED) syndrome. The affected tissues are primarily the hair, skin, teeth, sweat glands, and nails. The most common phenotype of ED is hypohidrotic...
Body Mass Index and Its Relation to Blood Pressure in Preclinical Students of the Faculty of Dentistry, Padjadjaran University
Vella Atika, Rosiliwati Wihardja, Kartika Indah Sari
Body Mass Index (BMI) and blood pressure have become the subjects of epide-miological studies. Both BMI and blood pressure have a parallel relationship. Usually, as BMI increases, both systolic and diastolic blood pressures increase. The purpose of this research is to discover the relationship between...
Facial Profile Analysis by Photometry on W. R. Supratman 1 & 2 Chinese High School Students in Medan
Wilson Hartanto, Hilda Fitria Lubis
Analysis of the facial profile is required for diagnosis and treatment planning in orthodontics. The Mongoloid Chinese race tends to have a flat facial profile and a more prominent zygomatic arch. The aim of this study was to identify the facial profile of Chinese high school students at W.R. Supratman...
Comparative Effectiveness of Angsana Latex (Pterocarpus indiscus) and Chlorhexidine 0.2% Against Growth of Streptococcus mutans
Wimmy Safaati Utsani, Mahmud Kholifa
The aim of this research was to investigate the comparative effectiveness of ang-sana latex (P. indiscus) and chlorhexidine 0.2% against growth of S. mutans. This research was a laboratory experiment (true experimental), with a post-test only completely randomized design, consisting of four treatments:...
Dekiler-Box Sterility Test as an Innovation in Multifunction Sterilization Equipment for Dental Instruments
Wimmy Safaati Utsani, Tifani Nazarudin, Ardhita Rosiana Putri, Muhammad Abu Chaira, Bachuroh Fasda, Dendy Murdiyanto
Sterilization is the process of destroying or eliminating all microorganisms. The aim of sterilization is to destroy every form of pathogenic microorganism includ-ing spores that might adhere to dental instruments and associated equipment. Dental instruments that come in direct contact with the human...
In Vitro Chitosan Hydrogel Based Tetracycline Cytotoxicity Test on Fibroblast Viability
Andrew Andrew, Irma Ervina, Harry Agusnar
Tetracycline has been widely used as a periodontal support treatment since it has broad-spectrum bone tissue penetration and it can inhibit native collagen. Chi-tosan hydrogel-based tetracycline is known to have strong antibacterial effects, but the cytotoxic effects on fibroblast have yet to be studied....
Differences of Salivary Superoxide Dismutase Levels in Gingivitis and Periodontitis Patients: Periodontal Installation, Faculty Of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara
Armia Syahputra, Krisnamurthy Krisnamurthy, Chrisnawati Sinaga
Introduction: Periodontal disease can be divided into gingivitis and periodontitis. In oral tissue, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are the first defense against pathogenic microorganisms. Activated PMNs produce large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that cause the destruction of periodontal...
Vitamin-D and Dexamethasone Stimulation of Estrogen Receptor-?' and Androgen Receptor in Osteoblasts of Aggressive Periodontitis
The objective of this study is to investigate the expression of estrogen receptor α and androgen receptor in osteoblasts derived from patients with aggressive perio-dontitis following stimulation using vitamin D and dexamethasone. Sample pieces of alveolar bone were collected from patients with aggressive...
Effect of Collagen -Activated Platelet-Rich Plasma to Synthesis of Extracellular Matrix in Fibroblast of Periodontal Ligament
Kwartarini Murdiastuti, Pati Tangsupati
The aim of this study was to investigate the activation effect of PRP using colla-gen to the synthesis of extracellular matrix in fibroblasts of the periodontal liga-ment. The PRP from the human donor was activated using collagen (collagen-activated PRP) and compared with inactivated PRP as a control...
Esthetic Frenectomy Using Bilateral Pedicle Approach
Marie Louisa, Trijani Suwandi
Fraenal attachments are thin folds of muscle that attach the lips to the alveolar mucosa, and aberrant fraena have been associated with gingival recession and diastema. These aberrant fraena are detected by applying tension to see the blanching produced due to ischemia in the region. A fraenectomy is...
An in Vitro Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Effectiveness of Alginate-Based Metronidazole Gel Against Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans
Martina Amalia, Irma Ervina, Hakim Bangun
This study was to analyze the effect of alginate based metronidazole gel in inhib-iting A. actinomycetemcomitans bacteria growth with in vitro evaluation. Algi-nate-based gel used in this study contains metronidazole 15%, 25%, and 25% metronidazole non-alginate based gel as a comparison. The bacteria...
Virulence of periodontopathogens Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis: micro-computed tomography and inflammatory cytokine analysis
Melok A. Wahyukundari, Desi S. Sari, Peni Pujiastuti, Depi Praharani, Yuliana M.D Arina, Tantin Ermawati, Fourier D.E Latief
The objective of this study is to determine the difference between A. actinomy-cetemcomitans and P. gingivalis virulence as the cause of periodontal disease. Thirty male Wistar rats were divided into six groups. Ten rats were induced by 10 ug/mL P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and the other...
The Effect of Scaling and Root Planing on Total Antioxidant Status of Chronic Periodontitis Patients
Saufi Khairani, Irma Ervina, Pitu Wulandari
The objectives of this study was to analyse the effects of scaling and root planing on total antioxidant status in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid of patients with chronic periodontitis, at the Dental Hospital of Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indo-nesia. Methods: Saliva and gingival crevicular fluid...
In Vitro Chitosan Hydrogel Based Metronidazole Cytotoxicity Test on 3t3 Fibroblast Viability
Hilma Rasni, Irma Ervina, Syafruddin Ilyas
The objective of this study is to determine the in vitro cytotoxicity effect of chitosan hydrogel-based metronidazole on fibroblast. Chitosan hydrogel-based metronidazole(0.12%, 0.15%, 0.25%) and chitosan without metronidazole are made by dissolving lactic acid to reach a gel consistency, and then adding...
Biologic Width Considerations in Crown Lengthening Surgical Procedures: A Case Report
Adrianus Wicaksono, Sri Lelyati C Masulili
. Crown lengthening is an adjunctive procedure used in restorative dentistry to treat cases of subgingival caries requiring exposure of healthy tooth structures and reconstruction of biologic width. A 54-year-old female patient came for crown lengthening of the lower right teeth. The patient had good...