Proceedings of the 2nd International Interdisciplinary Conference on Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Developments 2022 Environment and Sustainable Development (IICESSD-ESD 2022)

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43 articles
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Nur Edy, Alam Anshary, Syamsu Rijal, Rahadian Pratama, Agung Wibowo, Anita Ahmad
All of the articles in this proceedings volume have been presented at the The 2nd International Interdisciplinary Conference on Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Developments: Environmental Sciences and Sustainable Developments (IICESSD-ESD) 2022 during 7-8 October 2022 in Best Western Hotel Palu,...
Proceedings Article

Biopesticidal Effect of Widuri (Calotropis gigantea L.) and Krinyuh (Chromolaena odorata L.) Leaves to Control Corn Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda)

Flora Pasaru, Nur Khasanah, Burhanuddin Haji Nasir, Kasriyanto, Sri Anjar Lasmini
Spodoptera frugiperda is the main pest that attacks corn plants. This pest attack can cause damage to the leaves so it has the potential to reduce maize production. This study aimed to obtain the response of vegetable insecticides to the leaf extract of widuri and krinyuh leaf and its combination in...
Proceedings Article

River Discharge Analysis Using Soil and Water Assessment Tools Method in Bonto Saile Wathershed, Selayar Island Regency

Usman Arsyad, Wahyuni, Andang Suryana Soma, Rizki Amaliah, Sarif Al Qadri
Basically the need for water will increase along with the increase in population. The problems experienced in the North Benteng area which is included in the Bonto Saile watershed are experiencing flooding due to overflowing of river water in the Bonto Saile watershed and some places are submerged due...
Proceedings Article

Stakeholders Involved in Strategic Environmental Assessment Planning in Central Sulawesi

Abdul Rahman, Arman Maiwa, Muhd. Nur Sangadji, Nursalam, Mauludin Kurniawan, Muhammad Musbah
The assessment of strategic environmental planning is carried out with the involvement of stakeholders, and the context of stakeholder involvement is measured from various policy-making and implementation processes in sustainable development planning. This study examines the participation of stakeholders...
Proceedings Article

The Carrying Capacity Analysis For Food Agriculture: Case Study In Donggala Regency, Central Sulawesi

Irwan Lakani, Muhd Nur Sangadji, Selvy Mozin, Zulkifli, Hauris Pati, Rostiati, Reinal Putalan
This study aims to analyze the carrying capacity of agricultural food land, which will help determine rice sufficiency in Donggala Regency. That information can also be used for evaluating and planning sustainable management of agricultural food land in Donggala Regency. The research was carried out...
Proceedings Article

Sustainability status for the remaining rice fields in the Air Manjuto irrigation area, Bengkulu, Indonesia

Dodi Hardiansyah, Satria Putra Utama, Elsa Lolita Putri, Muhammad Faiz Barchia
Aim of this research was to determine sustainability indices based on ecological, economical, socio-cultural, technological and institutional dimensions, and their leverage analysis for the remaining rice fields in Air Manjuto irrigation area, Mukomuko District, Bengkulu Province. The research was conducted...
Proceedings Article

Arthropoda Diversity in Paddy Field with Refugia Plants

Hasriyanty, Mohammad Yunus, Rosmini, Adelia, Suriani
Refugia is a place or area that is overgrown by several types of flowering plants planted around agricultural land areas that can provide shelter, food sources or other resources for natural enemies such as predators and parasitoids so that refugia is expected to reduce rice pest populations and increase...
Proceedings Article

Study on Marshall Stability of Asphalt Concrete Mixture Due to the Addition of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)

Syamsul Arifin, Ratnasari Ramlan, Jurair Patunrangi, Arief Setiawan, Taslim Bahar
Rapid population growth is directly proportional to the increase in the consumption of polymers or plastics. It is very difficult to decompose in the soil, efforts to use it as an additional material for road construction are important. The addition of polymer can increase the stiffness of the asphalt...
Proceedings Article

Estimating the Anoa (Bubalus spp.) Occupancy Area and Enviromental Factors Effect In Dako Mountain Nature Reserve, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Yusuf Sulo, Sri Ningsih Mallombasang, Abdul Rosyid, Shahabuddin Saleh
Anoa, a tiny buffalo endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi (and surrounding offshore islands) is the largest wild terrestrial mammal in Sulawesi. It is protected by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, categorized as Endangered (EN) based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and...
Proceedings Article

Potential of Orchid-Based Nature Tourism in the Traditional Zone of Lore Lindu National Park (Case Study of Karunia Village, Palolo District, Sigi Regency)

Adhitya Sukarno Widodo, Sri Ningsih Mallombasang, Naharuddin
This study aims to determine the feasibility of orchid-based nature tourism potential in the Traditional Zone of TNLL Karunia Village and determine the strategy of developing orchid-based nature tourism in the TNLL Zone of Karunia Village. The research was conducted through survey and interview activities...
Proceedings Article

The Level of Leachate Contamination in Groundwater Quality at Kawatuna Landfills Palu City

Zeffitni A. Iin, Nindy Karlinda, K. Alricha
Municipal solid waste has been a government concern due to its wicked problem for. the environment. Not only its management complexity, but leachate that potentially leaks to specific groundwater in Palu can pull impacts. The study explores the groundwater quality level surrounding the Kawatuna landfills...
Proceedings Article

Land Cover Change of Kawatuna Sub-Watershed in Central Sulawesi

Hasriani Muis, Abdul Rahman, Golar, Arman Maiwa, Ramdhani Fitrah, Hendra Pribadi, Stephen Paulus
The management of watersheds around Palu City is very complex, both in activities and land cover changes, reducing watersheds’ performance. The phenomenon of land cover change continues to develop, and spatial modeling of land cover change is needed to minimize interventions in the impact of growth and...
Proceedings Article

Brightness of Koi Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Juveniles Reared in Tanks with Different Coloured Backgrounds

Samliok Ndobe, Madinawati, Abdul Gani, Indah Surya Luvi Sangkota, Desiana Trisnawati Tobigo, Jusri Nilawati, Septina Fifi Mangitung
Colour is an important indicator of ornamental fish beauty and value. The koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a valuable ornamental fish commodity and is in high demand because of its beauty, colour, and attractive body shape. Colour is an important factor in koi carp which are commonly red, white, yellow,...
Proceedings Article

Natural Enemy of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Palu Valley, Central Sulawesi

Alam Anshary, Nur Edy, Flora Pasaru
In order to identify Spodoptera frugiperda Smith & Abbot (Lepidoptera: Noctuidaenatural)'s enemies and quantify the prevalence and percentage of parasitism, all instars of this insect were collected in maize (corn) fields throughout six locales in the Palu Valley, Central Sulawesi, in 2021....
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Gonadotropin Hormone for Improvement Litter Size of Palu Local Sheep

Yohan Rusiyantono, Rusdien, Ismail Wumbu
The aim of this study was to increased of the litter size and reproduction performance with superovulation and artificial insemination treatments. The results obtained who performed estrus synchronization in ewes with the percentage of estrus occurring were 100%; 90.8% and 92%, respectively, Based on...
Proceedings Article

Inhibitory Power of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) Seed Extract from Various Levels of Maturity on Eschericia coli bacteria

Rostiati Rahmatu, Moh. Nur Sangaji, Adehani, Rahmi, Nur Alam
This study aims to obtain the maturity level of certain Moringa seeds that can inhibit the development of E. coli bacteria. This study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of one factor with the treatment of the maturity level of moringa seeds namely K1 = young seed extract, K2 = medium...
Proceedings Article

Functional Composition of Arthropoda and Population Density of Larvae Conopomorpha cramerella Snell. (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and Natural Enemies in Different Shade Cocoa Plantations

Moh Hibban Toana, Burhanuddin Hi Nasir, Moh Rizqi Chaldun Toana, Fitriah Balosi
-The functional composition of arthropods and population density of Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen larvae (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and natural enemies in different shade cocoa plantations play an important role in maintaining sustainability by using natural resources without damaging the environment....
Proceedings Article

Toxicity of Vitex negundo L. and Calotropis gigantea L. crude extract on fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Nasir Burhanuddin Haji, Edy Nur, Khasanah Nur, Lasmini Sri Anjar, Idham Idham
Vitex negundo and Calotropis gigantea are plants that produce secondary metabolites which are used as defense compounds against insect pests and pathogens. This study aimed to study the toxicity of the extracts of V. negundo and C. gigantea to Spodoptera frugiperda. Toxicity was tested using the leaf...
Proceedings Article

The effect of supplementation with different protein source on feed intake, digestibility and semen characteristics of Donggala Bulls given corn stover and rice bran

I Wayan Sulendre, Marsetyo, Damry
The effects of supplementation with different protein sources on intake, digestibility and semen characteristics of Donggala bulls fed corn stover and rice bran were assessed. Four Donggala bulls were used, with initial average weight 425 ± 5.9 kg. The experiment consisted of 4 experimental periods,...
Proceedings Article

Study of rain pattern and rain characteristics on design flood discharge as the impact of climate change

I W. Sutapa, A. Yassir, S. Lipu, B. R. Nina, A. Munif
Climate change brings changes to the characteristics of rain and rain patterns so that it affects the flow of rivers. This study aims to determine the effect of climate change on river flood discharge by paying attention to rain patterns and rain characteristics. This research was conducted in the Bangga...
Proceedings Article

Preparedness of Central Sulawesi Province General Hospital in The Dealing of Disasters

Lusia Salmawati, Mohammad Ibnu Sabil, Irnawati Kusbin, Dewisintawati, Novita Lizza Anggraini
Central Sulawesi is one of the regions in Indonesia that is prone to disasters. In September 2018, there was a disaster in Central Sulawesi which resulted in damage and losses of up to IDR 18.48 trillion. In Palu City, 2,141 people died, while 44 health facilities damaged by the earthquake, tsunami and...
Proceedings Article

Banggai Yam (Dioscorea spp) Farming System and Its Technical Efficiency in Banggai Kepulauan of Central Sulawesi Indonesia

Indrianto Kadekoh, Zainuddin Basri, Tanra Tellu, Burhanuddin Sundu, Arifuddin Lamusa, Rois Rois, Uswah Hasanah, Imam Wahyudi, Alimuddin Laapo
The research objective was to determine Banggai yam farming system, its fertility and its technical efficiency in Central Sulawesi of Indonesia. A random sampling method was used to select 130 household farmer respondents living accros 11 villages in South Buko. Data collected included cultivated land...
Proceedings Article

Biological control of Fusarium oxysporum in shallot wilt disease using arbuscular mycorrhiza combined with Trichoderma sp., Pseudomonas sp., and Bacillus sp.

Nur Edy, Andi Alfian Anggara, Alam Anshary, Nur Hidayanti Zahlin, Irwan Lakani
This study aimed to control Fusarium wilt disease in shallots using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma sp. And Bacillus sp. The research was carried out at the Screen House and Plant Protection Laboratory. The research design used a completely randomized (CRD) method with five treatments repeated...
Proceedings Article

Phytochemical Analysis and Antibacterial Activity of Medicinal Plant Kecapi (Sandoricum koetjape Merr)

Abdul Hapid, Ariyanti Ariyanti, Erniwati Erniwati, Muthmainnah Muthmainnah, Yusran Yusran, Zulkaidhah Zulkaidhah, Nurul Muhlisa Mompewa, Asniati Asniati, Hamka Hamka, Jelia Patiung
Indonesia is a mega-biodiversity country that has around ± 3,000 plant species, which are plants that produce medicinal ingredients. The traditional use of medicinal plants in Indonesia is increasingly preferred because the side effects are smaller than synthetic drugs and are very easy to obtain. One...
Proceedings Article

Improing Growth and Yield of Pakcoy Plants (Brassica Rapa L.) gworing under Hydroponic systim

Baharrudin, Tri Putra Jaya, Ramal Yusuf
Technological developments in agriculture are increasingly rapid, one of which is an appropriate technological innovation called hydroponics. Pakcoy plants can grow both in hot and cold places, so they can be cultivated from the lowlands and highland. This study aims to determine the effect of the type...
Proceedings Article

DNA barcoding of an amphidromous palaemonid shrimp recruiting to the Palu River, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Eka Rosyida, Abigail Mary Moore, Novalina Serdiati, Samliok Ndobe, Judistira Siddik
Sulawesi is the largest island in the Wallacea biodiversity hotspot, but many aspects of this biodiversity are still poorly known, including diadromous fish and invertebrates. As part of a research program to identify the taxa migrating upstream in the Palu River estuary together with multispecies schools...
Proceedings Article

High-Carbon Organic Fertilizer Effects on Soil Physical Properties of Sandy Loam Soil and Corn Growth

Danang Widjajanto, Bunga Elim Somba, Rois, Uswah Hasanah, Abdul Rahman, Rachmat Zainuddin, Rezi Amelia, Rully Akbar Pribudi Djalalelmbah, Rizki Puspitasari, Desi Ratnasari
Organic fertilizer (OF) as an ameliorant is best known for improving soil structure and plant growth. This study aimed to determine the effect of organic fertilizer swallow droppings on soil physical properties and plant growth. It is a pot experiment arranged in a randomized block design with six treatments...
Proceedings Article

Sustainable Pest Control Against Fall Armyworm Constrained By Limited Knowledge And Skills Of Maize Farmers: A Case Study In Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Shahabuddin Saleh, Mohammad Yunus, Dewi Nur Asih, Sulaeman Sulaeman, Siti Yuliaty Chansa, I Gede Laksana Wibawa, Assa Natasyah
Maize is one of the priority agricultural commodities developed in Central Sulawesi. One of the obstacles that need to be addressed for this purpose is pest infestations, mainly fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiderda (J.E. Smith), a new pest in Indonesia. The success of pest control is influenced,...
Proceedings Article

Morphological Characteristics Of Some Local Upland Rice Strain New Type Of Mass Selection Results

Jeki Jeki, Rezi Amelia, Muhammad Adnan Khalik, Mustakim Mustakim, Sitti Rasidah
Identification of morphological characters is one way to distinguish the nature of an individual plant from other plants which are the characteristics of each plant. This research was conducted to identify several new types of local upland rice lines resulting from the mass selection with the best morphological...
Proceedings Article

Monitoring of Green Open Space change area from 2018 to 2022 using remote sensing approach: Study sites Palu city, Central Sulawesi

A. Malik, A. Santi
Population growth increase every year in the city of Palu has an impact on the increasingly massive development that occurs. While on the other hand, according to PP no 15 of 2010 green open space must be available in a city by 30%, With proportion 20% is public and 10% is private property. In 2018,...
Proceedings Article

Responses of Timor Deer (Cervus timorensis de Blainville 1822) to Silage Feeds for Animal Development and Conservation of Wild Life Animals In Captive Breeding Area

M. S. Arifuddin, Damry, M. Mangun, Mirajuddin, Mobius Tanari
A research has been conducted to analyze the quality of silage feed, determine the eating behavior of Timor deer, Evaluation of the level of consumption and palatability of silage feed of a captive breeding area for Timor deer (Cervus timorensis) at Wosu Village, Bungku Barat District, Morowali District,...
Proceedings Article

Water Carrying Capacity in Buol Urban Area Based on Ecosystem Services

Nursalam Nursalam, Nur Edy, Abdul Rahman
The environmental carrying capacity of water is a factor that contributes to community welfare. Determining the carrying capacity is generally done by the ecosystem services approach. In this case, the provision of water by the environment is considered an ecosystem service. The environmental carrying...
Proceedings Article

The In Vitro Propagation of Olives in Central Sulawesi Using Plant Growth Regulators NAA and BAP

Asri Pirade Paserang, Akwila Oktavin, Moh. Iqbal
The research of in vitro propagation of olive plants (Olea europaea L.) using plant growth regulators NAA and BAP took place at the Biotechnology and Genetics Laboratory. Aimed to get the right concentration and the best explant source to induce callus. The method used was Randomized Complete Block Design...
Proceedings Article

Utilization of Liquid Organic Waste as a Formulation of Biopesticide with Bacillus sp. DB12 for Controlling Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae

Asrul, Rosmini, Seftian Layukan, Nurafifah, Lilis Suryani, Mifda
Synthetic (inorganic) carrier materials are expensive and their use is very limited, so they become an obstacle for the development of biopesticide formulas made from active biocontrol agents. Therefore, formula innovation technology is needed that can reduce research costs through the use of alternative...
Proceedings Article

Strategy Propagation of Coffea arabica L. by Tissue Culture Techniques

Rizka Amaliah R. Maruka, Meryany Ananda, Eny Yuniati, Asri Pirade Paserang
The research of in vitro callus induction on arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) with 2.4 D, BAP, and NAA, was conducted in Biotechnology and Genetics Laboratory, Tissue Culture Unit, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Tadulako University. The purpose of this research...
Proceedings Article

Tree Diversity on The Ultrabasic Soil in the Wallacea Region

Ramadanil Pitopang, Moh. Iqbal, Muhammad FRMS Saleh, Mahfudz
We presented tree diversity on the ultramafic soils in Tojo Una-una district, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The research was carried out from March to July 2022. This study aims to determine the diversity of tree species at the study site using the single plot method with plot size 50m × 50m, which is...
Proceedings Article

Paved Surface Fine Crack Study with 2017 MDP Method

Syamsul Arifin, Mashuri, Sukiman Nurdin, Rahmatang Rahman, Taslim Bahar
Fine cracks have a gap width of ≤ 3 MM, the distribution properties can be local or road surface area. Some of the main causes of fine cracks are pavement material is not good, surface weathering, and sub-surface soil or layer is less stable. Fine cracks will develop into larger cracks if left unchecked...
Proceedings Article

Agronomic Characteristics of Gogo Rice Lines As a Result of Mass Selection

Sakka Samudin, Maemunah Maemunah, Usman Made, Andi Ete, Fina Fina
The study aims to determine the agronomic characteristics of local upland rice lines resulting from a mass selection. The study was conducted in Petimbe Village, Palolo District, Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi Province, at an altitude of 500 above sea level, from February to June 2022. The study was...
Proceedings Article

Mapping the Status of Environmental Carrying Capacity for Food Provision Based on Ecosystem Services in Palu

Muhd Nur Sangadji, Nursalam, Nur Edy, Abdul Rahman, Mauludin Kurniawan, Muhammad Musbah
The increase in population and development activities impacts reducing resources or decreasing environmental quantity and quality. Palu city landscape is located in the ecotone area, which will influence environmental sensitivity and vulnerability due to population and development pressure. Ecotone area...
Proceedings Article

Environmental Modification of Growing Cabbage Flower (Brassica oleracea. L). in Dryland with Organic Fertilizer and Watering Interval

Lasmini Sri Anjar, Hayati Nur, Tangkesalu Dance, Nasir Burhanuddin, Edy Nur
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) is a vegetable plant from sub-tropical regions. The temperature range for the growth of cabbage is 15 - 24 oC with optimum humidity between 80–90%. The main obstacle in cultivating cabbage flowers in lowland dryland is the lack of water due to low rainfall. Water and soil...
Proceedings Article

Potential of MSW and COVID-19 Medical Waste as Feedstocks for Gasification Process

Mochamad Syamsiro, Safarudin Gazali Herawan, Muhammad Noviansyah Aridito
The main problem with the Covid-19 pandemic is the emergence of medical waste which has increased drastically, such as from the use of disposable masks, gloves and personal protective equipment (PPE). The covid-19 pandemic has also caused changes in food consumption, which usually eats more at restaurants,...
Proceedings Article

The Activity of Chinese Jatropha Stem Extract (Jatropha multifida L.) Against Mortality and Fitness of FAW (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) Larvae in Corn Plants (Zea mays L.)

Moh. Hibban Toana, Ni Komang Gariani
The activity of Chinese jatropha stem extract (J. multifida L.) was tested on S. frugiperda larvae to determine the percentage of mortality and fitness. The research was carried out in the pest and disease laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Tadulako University from January to May 2020. The research...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Seaweed Liquid Fertilizer on the Growth of Red Algae Gracillaria verrucosa under controlled conditions

Zakirah Raihani Ya’la, Wahyuni Mule, Dwi Sulistiawati, Eka Rosyida, Rukavina Baksh
The use of pesticides in agriculture has a negative effect on environment. Thus, environment-friendly fertilizers are needed to minimize the use of pesticides. The present study used seaweed liquid fertilizer (SLF) extracted from Sargassum sp., Gelidum sp., and Padina sp. to support the coastal agricultural...