Proceedings of the 2nd International Indonesia Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies (IICIS 2021)

It is our great honor and pleasure to organize the 2nd International Indonesia Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies (IICIS) 2021. This event was held on Tuesday-Wednesday, 26-27 October 2021 by the Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP), University of Lampung, Indonesia.

This conference aims to bring together multi-disciplinary groups of scientists and scholars from several countries and exchange ideas relating to emerging global issues, particularly the issues related to migration, gentrification, and environmental challenges. Recognizing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis has led us to significant changes to share our research at IICIS conferences. We were delighted to invite a number of scholars in the field from several countries and enable discussions at this conference.

I would like to express our best gratitude to keynote speakers from various countries who provided a high-level discussion and knowledge on the current debate on migration, gentrification, and environmental challenges. I would also like to convey my thanks to keynote speakers for their insightful and outstanding presentation: Prof. Karomani (Universitas Lampung), Dr. Paul Waley (University of Leeds, UK), Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ari Darmastuti (Universitas Lampung), Prof. Shimada Yuzuru (Nagoya University, Japan), Dr. Yudha Mediawan (Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat, Republik Indonesia), Prof. Mohd. Kamarulnizam Abdullah (Universiti Utara Malaysia), Johanna Alkan Olsson,.Ph.D (Lund University, Sweden) and Asst. Prof Grochawat Lowatcharin,. Ph.D. (Khon Kaen University, Thailand).

This volume consists of conference papers that were presented at the IICIS 2021 last October. The volume comprises 46 conference papers written by scholars from more than five different nationalities. As the chairman of the conference, I am so grateful for the great contribution provided by scientific committee members, editors, reviewers, writers and technical staff for their support in publishing this volume and especially, for the writers who showed their patience and eagerness in completing the revisions.

Chairman of the 2nd IICIS 2021
Dra. Ida Nurhaida, M.Si