Proceedings of the 1st International Ninevah Conference on Medical Sciences (INCMS 2021)

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32 articles
Proceedings Article

Mucormycosis in COVID-19 Diabetic Patient

A Review and Case Report

Wassan Nori, Sanaa Norri
Mucormycosis is an unusual and potentially lethal invasive infection of fungi that most commonly affects diabetes and other immunocompromised individuals. This infection showed high morbidity and mortality rate. Furthermore, the rapidity with which mucormycosis spreads is an extraordinary phenomenon;...
Proceedings Article

Perception, Acceptance, and Hesitancy of the Public Regarding Covid-19 Vaccine and Immunization: A Literature Review

Hamdia Ahmed, Karim Aziz, Ahmed Ali
Background: Developing a vaccine against COVID-19 is widely regarded as a critical method for containing the pandemic. Public adoption, on the other hand, is contingent on one’s view’s to accept and perceptions about the vaccine. The aim of this literature review is to determine the factors that influence...
Proceedings Article

COVID-19 Infection Among Hemodialysis Patients in Tikrit City

Israa Hashim Saadoon, Kamal Lateef Hussein
It has been widely documented that hemodialysis patients get a blocked secure response, that might result in a greater prevalence rate of viral diseases, according to Coronavirus epidemic 2019. (Covid -19). The point of this consider was to assess the recurrence of Covid -19 Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies...
Proceedings Article

Two-intervention Social Distancing Strategy to Control COVID-19 in Salaheddine Province; A Comparative Study

Mohammed A. Ajeel, Muhammad A AlKataan, Omar Bassam Saleh Aghaa, Moataz Abdel-Gawad Abdel-Hamid Al-Ani, Zina Nizar Thanoun
The COVID-19 pandemic, which is caused by a novel coronavirus, is a global health issue. A respiratory tract illness, acute respiratory distress syndrome, micro thrombosis, sepsis, sepsis, and mortality are presented in this case. Early identification of suspected cases allows sufficient time for medical...
Proceedings Article

PCI in High Risk Advanced Breast Cancer Patients

Haider Shukur
Background: A high incidence of brain metastases has been conveyed in patients with triple-negative and her 2-positive breast cancer receiving trastuzumab therapy. The rationale for prophylactic cranial irradiation is to regulate or eliminate unnoticeable micro-metastases without making unwanted harm....
Proceedings Article

Evaluation of Two Housekeeping Gene in Diagnosis of Helicobacter Pylori and Compare It to another Routine Test

Saja A. Al-Jumaili, Amina N. Althwani, Nawal M. Al-Khalidi
Helicobacter pylori consider as one of the major components of the stomach microbiome, this bacterium is prevalent worldwide and more than half of the world populations are infected with it. Various methods have been developed for the diagnosis and detection of infection with H. pylori by using molecular...
Proceedings Article

Histopathological Changes and Harmful Effects of Garamycin (60) Mg by Intramuscular Injection in Experimental White Rats

Mohammed A. Hassan, Lamya M. Shaker, Aliaa A. Hammouda
This study has shown the effects of gentamicin sulfate injection (60 mg/kg/b.w.) in thigh muscle for two months twice daily (morning and evening) on the histological structure of the kidneys, liver and cardiac muscle of rats. Vacuolation, dilatated cortical tubules and degeneration, necrosis of proximal...
Proceedings Article

Mitochondrial Number in Oligo and Azoospermia Male Patients

Haneen E. Hashim, Mowafak K. Hasan
Male infertility causes present in about 50% of the infertility cases, the standard quantity and quality of semen ejaculated during each coitus averages about 2-4 milliliters and every milliliter of seminal fluid contains contain about 100-120 million sperm/ ml. When the number of sperm in each milliliter...
Proceedings Article

Rate of Adenovirus Infection in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease in Kirkuk Governorate

Azzawi Mustafa Hadi, Israa Hashim Saadoon, Wirya Ahmed Tofiq
Adenovirus is a DNA virus which was discovered in 1950s from military recruit with atypical pneumonia. The majority of the higher-level number for serotypes has been insulated from immunocompromised persons. While the majority of infections linked to adenovirus are self-limiting, those who occur in immunocompromised...
Proceedings Article

Detection of Potential ESBL, Ampc, and Metallo-Beta-Lactamase Producers (MDR-GNB) Through In-vitro Susceptibility Testing of Genitourinary Specimens in a Community-based Pilot Study

Dina Abed, Ammar Jusmani, Sinan Alrifai
This is a pilot study, which is intended to represent a basis for future studies pertinent to multidrug-resistant antimicrobial gram-negative (MDR-GNB) bacteria that commonly prevail in Iraqi community and hospital settings. In the present study, we scrutinize the antimicrobial phenotypic resistant patterns...
Proceedings Article

Spectrophotometric Determination of Metoclopramide Hydrochloride in Pharmaceutical Preparations Via Schiff ’s Base Reaction

Rabee Ali, Nabeel Othman
A method for determining metoclopramide (MCPD) as pure and in formulations has been suggested. The proposed method is characterized by simplicity, speed, and sensitivity. It is a spectrophotometric method based on the condensation interaction between the primary aromatic amine group in metoclopramide...
Proceedings Article

The Beneficial Effect of Glutathione in Protection of the Central Nerves System from Damage Induced by D-galactose

Sadiq Safaa Mahdi, Wefak Albazi, Muna hussain Al-Aameli
Glutathione is a tripeptide that protect cells from oxidative damage and it is also an important regulator of redox signaling, plays a role in xenobiotic detoxification, and influences cell proliferation, apoptosis, immunological function, and fibrogenesis. The aim of this study is Study the effect of...
Proceedings Article

Sensitivity Profile of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae and Therapeutic Outcome in Children in Syria

Rama Jadeed, Isam Anjak
Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) threaten public health because the infections they cause carry a high mortality rate and limited treatment options. Few studies focus on these organisms in children compared to the number of the ones carried out on adults. Therefore, the importance of our...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Frequency of Dialysis Session On Efficiency of Brain Natriuretic Peptide as Cardiac Biomarker Among Patient with End Stage Renal Disease

Dr. Abdul-Aziz A. Aziz, Dr. Abdul-Hassan M. Salih
Background: There is overwhelming evidence about the importance of brain natriuretic peptide as a cardiac biomarker. However, the hemodynamic changes and associated abnormal body fluid homeostasis in patient with impaired renal function will add further complexity to the situation and may make the validity...
Proceedings Article

Skin Extension for Tan and Bianchi Incision in Pyloromyotomy

Muataz Alani, Sinan Aljarah
Umbilical cord pyloromyotomy for infant hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) shows excellent cosmetic results, in up to 30% of cases, be this is because there is a possibility that the point of the skin fold over the muscle does not allow comfortable placement of the hypertrophic pylorus, leading to...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Health Quarantine on the Weight Control in Patients with Sleeve Gastrectomy in Comparison with Obese Patients without Surgery

Nashwan Q Mahgoob, Yasser F. Zidan, Muthanna A. AL-Sharbaty
Background: Most of the world’s population underwent compulsory health quarantine during the pandemic of Coved 19 virus that led to a change in lifestyle and caused a negative psychological effect. Objective: This study aims to assess the effects of different variables in lifestyle on the weights of...
Proceedings Article

Factors Associated with Intestinal Atresia and Its Complications

Hayder Neamah Hassan
Intestinal atresia occurs as 1.3 to 3.5 cases per 10,000 live births, and the understanding of the factors associated with occurrence and complications of intestinal atresia. The current study’s goal is to evaluate the various forms of intestinal atresia, and factors associated with intestinal atresia...
Proceedings Article

Assessment of Stroke Knowledge Among a Sample of Iraqi Adults Individuals Attending AL- Sheikh Zayed Hospital in Baghdad City

Mohmmed Qassim Baktash, Moatz Majeed Ali, Aqeel Abdul Azeez Hasan, Abdul Aziz Ahmed Aziz
Background and Purpose: Stroke is the third leading cause of death in Iraq exceeding only by coronary heart disease and war related death. This study aims to assess the stroke knowledge among a sample of Iraqi adult individuals attending Al-Sheikh Zayed hospital in Baghdad city. Methods: This study employed...
Proceedings Article

Quality of Diet Pattern, Sun Exposure, and Vitamin D Statues Among Kurdish Children and Adolescent/Kurdistan Region/Iraq

Kaify Qadir, Hanaa Saadi, Hoger Sedeeq, Hamdia Ahmad
Background and Aim: Vitamin D has revealed huge attention in the scientific and public health community, and over the world around one billion persons in diverse ages and races now being either inadequate or deficient. The study aim is to assess vitamin D status, sun exposure and diet pattern of children...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Visfatin Level and Other Biochemical Parameters in Iraqi Children and Adolescents with Obesity

Mithal R. Alkubaisi, Raghd A. Y. Alkhader, Noor Thair Tahir, Abdilya R. ALAbdaly, Luay Asaad Mahmood
In this study, the aim was to evaluate visfatin level in Iraqi children and adolescents with obesity, as well as to study the association of serum visfatin level with different biochemical variables. Ninety participants were included. Participants’ ages ranged between (5 and 18) years. Sixty obese children...
Proceedings Article

The Frequency of Fibromyalgia in Patients With Tension-Type Headache

Yahya Qasim M. Taher, Ali Abdulrahman Younis, Ali Neamat Sulaiman Alallaf
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevailing debilitating disorder that has been documented in patients with tension-type headache (TTH). The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of fibromyalgia in TTH patients as well as the features of TTH patients with concomitant FM. One hundred patients with...
Proceedings Article

Awareness of Pharmacists & Pharmacy Students About Doping, and the Need for Doping Education in Iraq

Hasan Aldewachi, Aya Raheem, Wafaa Mohammed
Objective. To evaluate the knowledge and views of pharmacists and pharmacists in sports and to investigate curriculum needs for sports pharmacy undergraduates Methods. A web-based cross-sectional survey of pharmacy students was carried out from 2nd of Feb to 5th of March 2021 at the University of Mosul,...
Proceedings Article

Vitamin D3 and Selenium Supplementation and Renal Hyper-filtration State in Metabolic Syndrome Patients

Muhammad A. Ahmed
Objective: This work aimed to study the effect of supplanting vitamin D3 and selenium on the renal-filtration status and glycosylation- gap in metabolic syndrome patients. Subjects and methods: This pre-post study conducted on 93 patients referred from different general /or private internal medicine...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids on Males’ Hormones Among Gym-Goers in Mosul City

Abdulrahman Mazin Hashim, Salwa Hazim Almukhtar
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) misuse are growing worldwide and misused especially among male bodybuilders and gyms-goers for building muscle to improve their physical appearance. AAS misuse is considered a preventable factor of male fertility because it affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal...
Proceedings Article

Pharmacokinetic of Flunixin Meglumine in Broiler Chicks by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay

Zahraa Alhumdany, Yasser Albadrany
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the concentration of flunixin in the plasma of chicks to determine the pharmacokinetic parameters. Methods: A randomized controlled study was performed on forty five clinically healthy ross chicks of seven days old, chicks were administered into the...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Local Application of Platelet Rich Fibrin versus Hyaluronic Acid on Postoperative Sequelae After Surgical Removal of Impacted Lower Third Molar

Imad Marouf, Atalla Rejab
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of local application of platelet rich fibrin and hyaluronic acid on postoperative sequelae after surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: The research included a total of 66 healthy patients, from both genders,...
Proceedings Article

Accumulative Calcium Ion Release & EDX Analysis from New Generation Self−Adhesive Resin Cement

Zahra’a A. AL-Kataan, Ali. M. AL-Naimi
This study aimed to evaluate accumulative calcium ion release from new generation calcium releasing self-adhesive resin cement (TheraCem®Ca) in different time and in two different pH, and the effect of calcium addition on the substrate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six samples of self-adhesive resin cement,...
Proceedings Article

Biochemical Changes in Maxillofacial Infection

Taghreed H. Alsadoon, Zainab. G. Saade, Marwa. M. Abd Alrasool, Taif. J. Ghanim, Hussien. A. Khadim
Maxillary operation includes treating cases of congenital distortion, if the upper jaw has a large depression or protrusion, cross blockage, too much or too few teeth and lack of growth in the middle of the face (mid-facial hypoplasia), in order to continue performing the vital functions easily and smoothly...
Proceedings Article

Effect of Educational Program of Eclampsia Management on Knowledge of Maternity Nurses at Mosul Teaching Hospitals

Alaa Yousif Ayed, Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim
Background: Eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome. It affects more than 5% of pregnant women and is characterized by edemas, high blood pressure and proteinuria, it considered as one of the most serious pregnancy - specific medical conditions of increasing incidence. its complications are one of...
Proceedings Article

Assessment of Nurses’ Knowledge of Patient Care After Cardiac Catheterization in Mosul Hospitals

Hanady J Mahmood, Radhwan H Ibrahim, Ekhlas T Hassan, Mohammed F Abdulgani
Heart diseases can be diagnosed and evaluated using cardiac catheterization, which requires standardized policies of care. Cardiac catheterization needs qualified and skilled healthcare providers for excellent management outcomes. The current study aims to assess the nurses’ knowledge of patient care...
Proceedings Article

Lifetime Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders in City of Mosul-Iraq

Ahmad Meshaal, Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim
Introduction: To calculate the prevalence of mental disorders and identify the availability of essential psychotropic medicines and mental health facilities in the hospitals of Mosul city Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in city of Mosul _Iraq for the period between January 1 2020 to January...
Proceedings Article

Mother’s Knowledge and Practices Concerning Early Colostrum Feeding in Erbil Governorate: A Comparative Study

Assessment of three groups of mothers regarding initiate colostrum feeding

Madiha M. Abbas, Shukir S. Hasan
The first milk called colostrum is the promotes a baby’s growth and development. The objective of the study is to explore the level of knowledge and practices among mothers in three different areas, and compare between related areas regarding first colostrum feeding, in the Erbil governorate- Iraqi Kurdistan...