Proceedings of the 2nd INDOEDUC4ALL - Indonesian Education for All (INDOEDUC 2018)

The Use of Token Economy Technique to Reduce The Impulsive Behavior of Children with Low Autistic Level in SMP Negeri 14 Banjarbaru

Authors
Dwi Amilia Oktaviani, Chairil Faif Pasani, Eviani Damastuti
Corresponding Author
Dwi Amilia Oktaviani
Available Online November 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/indoeduc-18.2018.49How to use a DOI?
Keywords
token economy technique; impulsive behavior; children with low autism level
Abstract

Autistic children generally have complex obstacles in terms of communication, social interaction and behavior. One of the obstacles in behavior experienced by autistic children is the lack of ability to sort out appropriate and inappropriate behavior to do, that it can trigger impulsive behavior. Impulsive behaviors, in this study, means not able to sit down quietly for a long time, shout if the class feels quite quiet, and do the task in a hurry without paying attention to the commands. Therefore, it is necessary to give a treatment to reduce this behavior, namely the token economy technique. The purpose of this study is to find out the use of token economy technique to reduce impulsive behavior of a student with low autism level in SMP Negeri 14 Banjarbaru. This study used quantitative approach with the SSR method (Single Subject Study), using the design A1-B-A2, where A1 is the baseline 1, B is the intervention and A2 is the baseline 2. The subject in this study is a student in class VIIIA who has low autistic obstacles. The data was collected by doing direct observation and documentation of this study by recording events (frequency). Data was analyzed using graphical visual analysis technique (Visual Analysis of Graph Data) by plotting the data into the graph, and then the data was analyzed by components in each A1-B-A2 condition. The results showed a decrease in impulsive behavior of the student in SMP Negeri 14 Banjarbaru after applying token economy technique. The results obtained at baseline 1 (A1) are 14 times the occurrence of impulsive behavior, intervention (B) is 10 times which shows the impulsive behavior of children begins to decline and at baseline 2 (A2) is 9 times. The estimated trend tends to improve, decreases mean level from baseline 1 (A1) to baseline 2 (A2).

Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2nd INDOEDUC4ALL - Indonesian Education for All (INDOEDUC 2018)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
November 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-610-5
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/indoeduc-18.2018.49How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Dwi Amilia Oktaviani
AU  - Chairil Faif Pasani
AU  - Eviani Damastuti
PY  - 2018/11
DA  - 2018/11
TI  - The Use of Token Economy Technique to Reduce The Impulsive Behavior of Children with Low Autistic Level in SMP Negeri 14 Banjarbaru
BT  - Proceedings of the 2nd INDOEDUC4ALL - Indonesian Education for All (INDOEDUC 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 195
EP  - 197
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/indoeduc-18.2018.49
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/indoeduc-18.2018.49
ID  - Oktaviani2018/11
ER  -