Framing of Humanitarian Mission of Zending and Freemasonry in Sumatra in De Sumatra Post and Het Nieuwsblad voor Sumatra (1940-1949)
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211110.036How to use a DOI?
- Framing; Dutch Newspaper; Zending; Vrijmetselarij; Sumatra
The Dutch colonial rulers assigned the Missionary (zending/missie) in Sumatra to spread religious belief and accomplish civilization missions. The financial support for the Missionary quest in the Karo and Batak from a tobacco company in North Sumatra, Deli Maatschappij, emphasizes the concept of ‘two pioneers of civilization’, namely trade and Christianity. On the other hand, another mission striving for humanism in colonial Dutch East Indies, i.e., Freemasonry. Stevens found that colonial Freemasonry as a humanitarian movement had to stand against Missionary for centuries. What has been achieved by Freemasonry in the fields of education and emancipation is often impressive despite all the opposition from the colonial rulers. This article investigates how Missionary and Freemasonry’s works were framed in the Dutch newspaper De Sumatra Post and Het Nieuwsblad voor Sumatra in 1940-1949. In taking its focus on the operation of specific news frames, this article identifies a range of factors that shaped the initial terms of the subsequent mission from two Dutch newspapers during this period. The analysis suggests that both Missionary and Freemasonry in colonial Sumatra portray the colonial discourse and ideological contestation.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Rianti Manullang AU - Christina T. Suprihatin PY - 2021 DA - 2021/11/21 TI - Framing of Humanitarian Mission of Zending and Freemasonry in Sumatra in De Sumatra Post and Het Nieuwsblad voor Sumatra (1940-1949) BT - Proceedings of the International University Symposium on Humanities and Arts 2020 (INUSHARTS 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 242 EP - 246 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211110.036 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211110.036 ID - Manullang2021 ER -