Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar and 12th Congress of Indonesian Society for Microbiology (ISISM 2019)

Spatial Analysis in Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Corynebacterium diphtheriae Post-outbreak in Samarinda 2018

Authors
N Tandirogang, G P D Pratama, Yuniati, I Fikriah, V Abrizal, D E Bulan, Yadi
Corresponding Author
N Tandirogang
Available Online 12 August 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.037How to use a DOI?
Keywords
PCR, Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Abstract

Diphtheria is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheria, which primarily infects the throat and upper airways, and produces a toxin affecting other organs. In severe cases, it causes myocarditis or peripheral neuropathy. In Indonesia, diphtheria has once been an epidemic but then it has decreased in cases. Although the government succeeded in eliminating diphtheria cases in 1990 through immunization programs, the disease reappeared in 2009. At the end of 2017 until the beginning of 2018, outbreaks of diphtheria had been reported in several regions in Indonesia. One of which is in East Kalimantan, Samarinda. This study was conducted one year after the 2018 outbreak to find out whether diphtheria is still present in the community and to know the recent distribution of diphtheria patients. The study was conducted by examining the patient’s oral mucosal swab. Data were obtained from the Medical Record and Clinical Pathology Laboratory of AWS Hospital and Dinas Kesehatan, Samarinda. A total of 43 samples were carried out by PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) laboratory test, using dtx primer and spatial analysis of patients detected with diphtheria using SatScan TM Software. The examination of 43 samples showed 2 samples positive for Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Both of the samples were female, lived in Air Hitam and Gunung Kelua, Samarinda Ulu District. The results of the spatial analysis showed that the location of patients of diphtheria bacteria detected did not indicate clustering.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar and 12th Congress of Indonesian Society for Microbiology (ISISM 2019)
Series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
12 August 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-417-9
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.037How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - N Tandirogang
AU  - G P D Pratama
AU  - Yuniati
AU  - I Fikriah
AU  - V Abrizal
AU  - D E Bulan
AU  - Yadi
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/08/12
TI  - Spatial Analysis in Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Corynebacterium diphtheriae Post-outbreak in Samarinda 2018
BT  - Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar and 12th Congress of Indonesian Society for Microbiology (ISISM 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 214
EP  - 218
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.037
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.037
ID  - Tandirogang2021
ER  -