Characterization and Production of Environmentally Friendly Biodiesel from Patin Fish
- 10.2991/aer.k.201221.006How to use a DOI?
- Biodiesel, patin fish waste, transesterification, reaction time
Energy consumption in Indonesia increases annually but fossil fuel reserves are limited. Biodiesel is an environmentally friendly fuel that has physical and chemical properties similar to that of diesel. Biodiesel can be made from animal oil, one of which is oil derived from the waste of patin fish. This research aims to determine the effect of reaction time on the biodiesel characteristics produced to comply with SNI 7182-2015. Patin fish oil was obtained by steaming, pressing, and boiling and then oil obtained was purified by a solution of 2.5% v/v NaCl. Biodiesel was made using the transesterification process with the mole ratio of Patin fish oil:Methanol at 1:4, the temperature of 55oC, and the KOH catalyst of 0.5% w/w patin fish oil. The biodiesel production process was done with three variations of reaction time, i.e. 1 hour, 2 hours, and 3 hours. Determining the value of oxidation stability was done by the Rancimat method with a temperature of 110oC. Biodiesel produced was tested its characteristics of density, viscosity, moisture content, acid number, and oxidation stability. The parameter that already meets the standard is viscosity. The best reaction time of biodiesel production in this study is 3 hours, producing density, viscosity, acid number, and moisture content of 942.62 kg/m3, 4.173 cSt, 0.5534 mgKOH/g, and 5.79%, respectively. However, the best oxidation stability of 7 minutes was obtained from the reaction time of 2 hours.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Rana Aulia Yupitasary AU - Irvan Maulana AU - Devita Utami Mardiani AU - Herawati Budiastuti AU - Sri Widarti PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/22 TI - Characterization and Production of Environmentally Friendly Biodiesel from Patin Fish BT - Proceedings of the International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 27 EP - 33 SN - 2352-5401 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.201221.006 DO - 10.2991/aer.k.201221.006 ID - Yupitasary2020 ER -