Verbal Communication of Indonesian Language in Students with Intellectual Disabilities at SDLBN 1 Kabupaten Maros
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.021How to use a DOI?
- verbal communication; language function; children with intellectual disabilities
This qualitative descriptive study critically traces (1) verbal communication features in the Indonesian language of children, or this case, students with intellectual disabilities at SLBDN 1 Kabupaten Maros (State Elementary School for Special Education 1 of Maros Regency); and (2) language function in students with intellectual disabilities at SLBDN 1 Kabupaten Maros when communicating. The subjects were selected from third-grade students at SLBDN 1 Kabupaten Maros with special needs of mild and moderate intellectual disabilities. Data for this study were retrospectively collected from observation, note-taking, interviews, recording and documentation and resulted in the form of (1) a description of verbal communication features in the Indonesian language of the children specified with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities, namely pronunciation and clarity of speech; and (2) a description of language function in the children with intellectual disabilities when communicating which consists of labelling, interaction, and language transmission. Following this, the data source was directly observed from two students with the characteristics of mild and moderate intellectual disabilities. As for the study results, verbal communication features used by a student with mild intellectual disabilities are classified as good, ranging from two to three words where the articulation is clear, both vowels and consonants. While the student with moderate intellectual disabilities can only communicate with one to two words. The clarity of articulation is occasionally unclear where some of the words spoken are lacking letters. Before the function of verbal communication language for both of the students with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities in the function of labelling, they have met the indicators by answering questions, responding to calls, even recognizing people around them. On the part of the interaction function, both the students with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities were able to greet people they met, follow simple conversations, answer calls, but it was found that the student with moderate intellectual disabilities was unable to look at the interlocutor when interacting. The last is the function of language transmission, where the student with mild intellectual disability was able to convey her wishes and feelings, grasp certain words and phrases, but had not been able to remember events and was still difficult to respond to the teaching and learning process.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Johar Amir AU - Ratna Sari AU - Nensilianti AU - Ambo Dalle PY - 2021 DA - 2021/12/27 TI - Verbal Communication of Indonesian Language in Students with Intellectual Disabilities at SDLBN 1 Kabupaten Maros BT - Proceedings of the International Congress of Indonesian Linguistics Society (KIMLI 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 92 EP - 98 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211226.021 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.021 ID - Amir2021 ER -