Effect of KMnO4 on the HCl-based Pickling Process of 430 Stainless Steel
- 10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.20How to use a DOI?
- Potassium hypermanganate (KMnO4); 430 Stainless steel; HCl-based pickling; Polarization curves; EIS
The effect of potassium hypermanganate (KMnO4) as an oxidant on pickling behavior in HCl-based electrolyte and the surface quality of original hot-rolled and blasted 430 stainless steel (430-SS) plate are studied using weight-loss tests, microstructure analyses (scanning electron microscope and laser scanning microscope), potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The results showed significantly accelerated pickling process for 430-SS by adding KMnO4 through enhanced cathodic reaction rate and reduced charge-transfer resistance (Rt). The weight loss rate of 430-SS is 83.6% higher under the condition of 1wt% KMnO4 than that without oxidant, which grows an enormous 2.33 times with KMnO4 content of 2wt%. The 430-SS plate is left as a total clean one without any oxide layers left or any kind of local corrosion, when 1.5wt% KMnO4 is added. KMnO4 can be confirmed as an appropriate oxidant when many factors such as accelerating the pickling process in the process of the pickling, improving the 430-SS’ surface quality, solution recycling possibility and environment protection are considered as a whole.
- © 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Qiong Xie AU - Peiyang Shi AU - Chengjun Liu AU - Maofa Jiang PY - 2015/07 DA - 2015/07 TI - Effect of KMnO4 on the HCl-based Pickling Process of 430 Stainless Steel BT - Proceedings of the International Conference on Logistics, Engineering, Management and Computer Science PB - Atlantis Press SP - 102 EP - 106 SN - 1951-6851 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.20 DO - 10.2991/lemcs-15.2015.20 ID - Xie2015/07 ER -