Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)

Modern Practices for the Cultivation of Leaf Vegetables in Hydroponics

Authors
Anna Kling, Vladimir Pashek, Vladimir Kumpan, Yuri Konoplyov
Corresponding Author
Anna Kling
Available Online 29 January 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.186How to use a DOI?
Keywords
hydroponics, multilayer system, leaf vegetables
Abstract

Nowadays, vertical multilayer placement of plants on racks is rapidly gaining popularity alongside the classic horizontal cultivation practice. Comparison between plant cultivation methods in functioning units constitutes the basis of the present research. The work has revealed that plants undergo different development stages in accordance with their biological and genetic characteristics and practically do not differ as for time spent in growing compartments. In general, over the entire cycle of leaf vegetables production, it can be noticed that lettuce needs from 30 to 33 days for harvesting in horizontal units and about 27 days in vertical ones. As regards dill, its cultivation does not significantly differ in relation to the unit type and amounts to 34-41 days, while basil revealed quite a wide specter of cultivation both in different units and within complexes ranging from 32 to 48 days, which indicates the reaction of plants to the influence of changes in microclimate and nutrient solution. When analyzing the development stages of arugula and parsley, it should be noticed that harvesting occurs 6-9 days faster in a vertical unit in an experimental container, which allows adding one or two more complete cycles over the year. Thanks to the multilayer placement of plants and subsequently the sufficient lighting of each tier, the Cerera 1.0 container system has reduced the area occupied by 1 plant and increased the number of net pots; as a result, the yielding capacity has increased by 2–3 times per unit area.

Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Anna Kling
AU  - Vladimir Pashek
AU  - Vladimir Kumpan
AU  - Yuri Konoplyov
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/01/29
TI  - Modern Practices for the Cultivation of Leaf Vegetables in Hydroponics
BT  - Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 282
EP  - 285
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.186
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.186
ID  - Kling2020
ER  -