Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)

The Effect of Opener for Sowing and Fertilizing at Different Depths on the Quality and Yield of Spring Wheat Grain

Authors
Maksim Checusov, Alexander Kem, Evgeny Demchuk, Anatoly Shevchenko
Corresponding Author
Maksim Checusov
Available Online 29 January 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.187How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Opener, sowing, grain crop, mineral fertilizers, quality, yield
Abstract
This article describes the configuration and operating peculiarities of the combined opener for sowing grain crops with mineral fertilizer treatment at different depths. A comparative analysis of two sowing units was carried out: SKP-2.1 series seeder and SKP-2.1M seeder re-equipped with combined opener for mineral fertilizer application at different depths. Different variants of fertilizer application with different rates were studied. The influence of nitrogen fertilizer application method on the following performance elements of spring wheat was found: plant height, tilling capacity, the number of productive stems per unit area. Quality parameters of grain were defined: the content of protein and crude gluten depending on the method of sowing and the rate of mineral fertilizer application. Yield parameters were obtained when sowing using series and re-equipped seeders. Experimental studies revealed that the proposed opener provides mineral fertilizer application below seeding level. At the same time, the yield of cultivated crop and protein content in grain increased by 20 and 10This article describes the configuration and operating peculiarities of the combined opener for sowing grain crops with mineral fertilizer treatment at different depths. A comparative analysis of two sowing units was carried out: SKP-2.1 series seeder and SKP-2.1M seeder re-equipped with combined opener for mineral fertilizer application at different depths. Different variants of fertilizer application with different rates were studied. The influence of nitrogen fertilizer application method on the following performance elements of spring wheat was found: plant height, tilling capacity, the number of productive stems per unit area. Quality parameters of grain were defined: the content of protein and crude gluten depending on the method of sowing and the rate of mineral fertilizer application. Yield parameters were obtained when sowing using series and re-equipped seeders. Experimental studies revealed that the proposed opener provides mineral fertilizer application below seeding level. At the same time, the yield of cultivated crop and protein content in grain increased by 20 and 10%, respectively, in comparison with the technology of fertilizer application in the same soil horizon.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Maksim Checusov
AU  - Alexander Kem
AU  - Evgeny Demchuk
AU  - Anatoly Shevchenko
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/01/29
TI  - The Effect of Opener for Sowing and Fertilizing at Different Depths on the Quality and Yield of Spring Wheat Grain
BT  - Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 286
EP  - 289
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.187
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.187
ID  - Checusov2020
ER  -