Proceedings of the 6th UPI International Conference on TVET 2020 (TVET 2020)

Method of Sugar Production From Arrowroot Starch: A Review

Authors
Enjang Rohman, Rama Tiyana, Sarah Amelia Nur Wahidah Al Falah, Mustika Nuramalia Handayani
Corresponding Author
Rama Tiyana
Available Online 4 February 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210203.105How to use a DOI?
Keywords
arrowroot starch, sugar, crystallization, extraction, hydrolysis, purification
Abstract

Sugar production from sugar cane, palms, and beet plants could not be able to fulfill domestic sugar need in Indonesia. Moreover, there is a shift in sugarcane as a raw material for ethanol. An alternative solution to this problem is sugar production from other sources such as starch, which is widely found in local Indonesian tubers. Arrowroot tubers (Maranta arundinacea L.) are minor tubers that have potential to be used as raw material for sugar production because they contain 19.40-20.96% starch. The purpose of this study was to explore a method of producing sugar based on arrowroot starch. The method used was literature review. In general, the production of arrowroot starch-based sugar consists of extraction, hydrolysis, purification, and crystallization. Starch extraction can be done using wet or dry methods. Hydrolysis aims to break down starch into simple sugars which can be done by acid hydrolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis or a combination of both. Purification aims to remove impurities from sugar components through defecation, sulfitation, or carbonation methods. Crystallization aims to obtain sugar crystals which can be done by adding anti-solvent or cooling. Productivity and quality of arrowroot starch-based crystal sugar depend on the sugar production method used.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 6th UPI International Conference on TVET 2020 (TVET 2020)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
4 February 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-328-8
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210203.105How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Enjang Rohman
AU  - Rama Tiyana
AU  - Sarah Amelia Nur Wahidah Al Falah
AU  - Mustika Nuramalia Handayani
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/02/04
TI  - Method of Sugar Production From Arrowroot Starch: A Review
BT  - Proceedings of the 6th UPI International Conference on TVET 2020 (TVET 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 143
EP  - 147
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210203.105
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210203.105
ID  - Rohman2021
ER  -