Artery Research

Volume 26, Issue Supplement 1, December 2020, Pages S4 - S4

YI 1.4 Increases in Circulating Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Contribute to the Development of Age-Related Aortic Stiffness in Humans and Mice

Authors
Abigail G Casso1, *, Rachel A Gioscia-Ryan1, Zachary J Sapinsley1, Nicholas S VanDongen1, Amy E Bazzoni1, Andrew P Neilson2, Melanie C Zigler1, Kevin P Davy3, Douglas R Seals1, Vienna E Brunt1
1University of Colorado Boulder
2North Carolina State University
3Virginia Tech
*Corresponding author. Email: abigail.casso@colorado.edu
Corresponding Author
Abigail G Casso
Available Online 31 December 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.004How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Aging, stiffness, metabolites, translational
Abstract

Age-related increases in aortic stiffness, assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV), predict cardiovascular (CV)-related mortality, but the upstream drivers are incompletely understood.

Purpose: To determine if higher circulating levels of the gut microbiome-derived metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) contribute to age-related aortic stiffening.

Methods and Results: Plasma TMAO concentrations were higher in healthy middle-aged-to-older (45–79 y; N = 83) vs. young (18–27 y; N = 14) humans (6.3 ± 0.6 vs. 1.8 ± 0.3 μM; p < 0.01) and positively related to carotid-femoral (c-f) PWV (r2 = 0.15, p < 0.0001). To determine the role of TMAO in established age-related aortic stiffness, we supplemented old mice (27 mo; N = 12–16/group) with 1% 3,3-dimethyl-1-butanol (DMB; suppresses microbiota-dependent TMAO production) in drinking water for 8–10 weeks vs. normal drinking water (control). Relative to young mice (3 mo; N = 23), old mice had higher aortic (a) PWV (412 ± 17 vs. 349 ± 11 cm/s; p < 0.01), but DMB had no effect on aPWV (p = 0.58 vs. control) despite suppressing plasma TMAO (control: 8.7 ± 6.3 vs. DMB: 4.3 ± 1.2 µM, p = 0.07) to young levels (3.8 ± 2.6 µM). Next, to determine if TMAO contributes to the development of aortic stiffening, we initiated DMB at mid-life (18 mo; i.e., before the onset of stiffening; N = 8–21/age/treatment). aPWV was similar between young and 18 month-old mice (363 ± 5 cm/s; p = 0.58), but increased progressively with age in control mice (24 mo: 401 ± 13 cm/s, p = 0.03 vs. young; 27 mo: 442 ± 10 cm/s, p < 0.001 vs. young), whereas age-related increases in PWV were considerably attenuated by DMB (24 mo: 359 ± 9 cm/s; 27 mo: 388 ± 10 cm/s, both p < 0.01 vs. control).

Conclusions: Age-related increases in TMAO contribute to the development of aortic stiffness. TMAO-targeted interventions initiated in mid-life may prevent/delay age-related aortic stiffening and reduce CV risk.

Funding: HL134887-02S1, AG060884, HL140875, AG000279.

Copyright
© 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
26 - Supplement 1
Pages
S4 - S4
Publication Date
2020/12
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.004How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Abigail G Casso
AU  - Rachel A Gioscia-Ryan
AU  - Zachary J Sapinsley
AU  - Nicholas S VanDongen
AU  - Amy E Bazzoni
AU  - Andrew P Neilson
AU  - Melanie C Zigler
AU  - Kevin P Davy
AU  - Douglas R Seals
AU  - Vienna E Brunt
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/12
TI  - YI 1.4 Increases in Circulating Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Contribute to the Development of Age-Related Aortic Stiffness in Humans and Mice
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - S4
EP  - S4
VL  - 26
IS  - Supplement 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.004
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201209.004
ID  - Casso2020
ER  -