Suicide rate in relation to the Human Development Index and other health related factors: A global ecological study from 91 countries
- https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002How to use a DOI?
- Ecological study; Human Development Index; Suicide
There has been no worldwide ecological study on suicide as a global major public health problem. This study aimed to identify the variations in suicide specific rates using the Human Development Index (HDI) and some health related variables among countries around the world. In this ecological study, we obtained the data from the World Bank Report 2013. The analysis was restricted to 91 countries for which both the epidemiologic data from the suicide rates and HDI were available. Overall, the global prevalence of suicide rate was 10.5 (95% confidence intervals: 8.8, 12.2) per 100,000 individuals, which significantly varied according to gender (16.3 in males vs. 4.6 in females, p < 0.001) and different levels of human development (11.64/100,000 individuals in very high development countries, 7.93/100,000 individuals in medium development countries, and 13.94/100,000 individuals in high development countries, p = 0.004). In conclusion, the suicide rate varies greatly between countries with different development levels. Our findings also suggest that male gender and HDI components are associated with an increased risk of suicide behaviors. Hence, detecting population subgroups with a high suicide risk and reducing the inequality of socioeconomic determinants are necessary to prevent this disorder around the world.
- © 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Salman Khazaei AU - Vajihe Armanmehr AU - Shahrzad Nematollahi AU - Shahab Rezaeian AU - Somayeh Khazaei PY - 2017 DA - 2017/02/07 TI - Suicide rate in relation to the Human Development Index and other health related factors: A global ecological study from 91 countries JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 131 EP - 134 VL - 7 IS - 2 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002 DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002 ID - Khazaei2017 ER -