Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2017, Pages 131 - 134

Suicide rate in relation to the Human Development Index and other health related factors: A global ecological study from 91 countries

Authors
Salman Khazaeia, Vajihe Armanmehrb, Shahrzad Nematollahic, Shahab Rezaeiand, *, shahab.rezayan@gmail.com, Somayeh Khazaeia
aDepartment of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
bSocial Determinants of Health Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Science, Gonabad, Iran
cDepartment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
dResearch Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
*Corresponding author.
Corresponding Author
Received 10 March 2016, Revised 5 November 2016, Accepted 15 December 2016, Available Online 7 February 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Ecological study; Human Development Index; Suicide
Abstract

There has been no worldwide ecological study on suicide as a global major public health problem. This study aimed to identify the variations in suicide specific rates using the Human Development Index (HDI) and some health related variables among countries around the world. In this ecological study, we obtained the data from the World Bank Report 2013. The analysis was restricted to 91 countries for which both the epidemiologic data from the suicide rates and HDI were available. Overall, the global prevalence of suicide rate was 10.5 (95% confidence intervals: 8.8, 12.2) per 100,000 individuals, which significantly varied according to gender (16.3 in males vs. 4.6 in females, p < 0.001) and different levels of human development (11.64/100,000 individuals in very high development countries, 7.93/100,000 individuals in medium development countries, and 13.94/100,000 individuals in high development countries, p = 0.004). In conclusion, the suicide rate varies greatly between countries with different development levels. Our findings also suggest that male gender and HDI components are associated with an increased risk of suicide behaviors. Hence, detecting population subgroups with a high suicide risk and reducing the inequality of socioeconomic determinants are necessary to prevent this disorder around the world.

Copyright
© 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
7 - 2
Pages
131 - 134
Publication Date
2017/02/07
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2017 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Salman Khazaei
AU  - Vajihe Armanmehr
AU  - Shahrzad Nematollahi
AU  - Shahab Rezaeian
AU  - Somayeh Khazaei
PY  - 2017
DA  - 2017/02/07
TI  - Suicide rate in relation to the Human Development Index and other health related factors: A global ecological study from 91 countries
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 131
EP  - 134
VL  - 7
IS  - 2
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2016.12.002
ID  - Khazaei2017
ER  -