Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2017
Research Article

3. Investigation of OMNIgene·SPUTUM performance in delayed tuberculosis testing by smear, culture, and Xpert MTB/RIF assays in Uganda

C.D. Kelly-Cirino, E. Musisi, P. Byanyima, S. Kaswabuli, A. Andama, A. Sessolo, I. Sanyu, J. Zawedde, P.S. Curry, L. Huang
Pages: 103 - 109
OMNIgene·SPUTUM (OM-S) is a sample transport reagent designed to work with all tuberculosis diagnostics while eliminating the need for cold chain. OM-S-treated sputum samples were assayed in several tests after multiday holds. Raw sputa from 100 patients underwent direct smear microscopy, were manually...
Research Article

4. Magnitude and determinants of adverse treatment outcomes among tuberculosis patients registered under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program in a Tuberculosis Unit, Wardha, Central India: A record-based cohort study

Anuj Mundra, Pradeep R. Deshmukh, Ajay Dawale
Pages: 111 - 118
Introduction: Deaths, defaults, relapses, and treatment failures have made the control of TB difficult across the globe. Methodology: This study is a record-based follow-up of a cohort of patients registered under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program in the year 2014 in Wardha Tuberculosis...
Research Article

5. Predictors of hepatitis C testing intention among African American Baby Boomers

Mohamed Rashrash, Mary Maneno, Anthony Wutoh, Earl Ettienne, Monika Daftary
Pages: 119 - 122
Baby Boomers (BBs) are responsible for three-quarters of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in the United States; however, HCV testing is distinctly underused by them. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HCV testing and to evaluate predictors of HCV testing intention among...
Research Article

6. Incidence and economic burden of acute otitis media in children aged up to 5 years in three Middle Eastern countries and Pakistan: A multinational, retrospective, observational study

Ghulam Mustafa, Amal Y. Al Aidaroos, Idris S. Al Abaidani, Kinga Meszaros, Kusuma Gopala, Mehmet Ceyhan, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Shyam Bawikar, Johannes E. Schmidt
Pages: 123 - 130
Epidemiological data on acute otitis media (AOM), an infectious disease frequently affecting children, are lacking in some countries. This study was undertaken to assess the incidence of AOM in children ≤5 years in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, and Turkey, as well as the economic burden from a parent/caregiver...
Research Article

7. Suicide rate in relation to the Human Development Index and other health related factors: A global ecological study from 91 countries

Salman Khazaei, Vajihe Armanmehr, Shahrzad Nematollahi, Shahab Rezaeian, Somayeh Khazaei
Pages: 131 - 134
There has been no worldwide ecological study on suicide as a global major public health problem. This study aimed to identify the variations in suicide specific rates using the Human Development Index (HDI) and some health related variables among countries around the world. In this ecological study,...
Research Article

8. A survey of hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in health screening camps of rural central Punjab, Pakistan

Salman T. Shafi, Tahir Shafi
Pages: 135 - 140
Hypertension is a global public health problem with increasing prevalence. There is limited updated information on the prevalence of hypertension in the Pakistani population. This is a cross-sectional study based on data collected during multiple health screening camps held at multiple locations in rural...
Short Communication

9. Drug resistance detection and mutation patterns of multidrug resistant tuberculosis strains from children in Delhi

Jyoti Arora, Ritu Singhal, Manpreet Bhalla, Ajoy Verma, Niti Singh, Digamber Behera, Rohit Sarin, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
Pages: 141 - 145
A total of 312 sputum samples from pediatric patients presumptive of multidrug resistant tuberculosis were tested for the detection of drug resistance using the GenoTypeMTBDRplus assay. A total of 193 (61.8%) patients were smear positive and 119 (38.1%) were smear negative by Ziehl–Neelsen staining....