Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2015
Research Article

1. Barriers related to non-adherence in a mammography breast-screening program during the implementation period in the interior of São Paulo State, Brazil

René Aloisio da Costa Vieira, Tânia Silveira Lourenço, Edmundo Carvalho Mauad, Valter Gonçalves Moreira Filho, Stela Verzinhasse Peres, Thiago Buosi Silva, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Lattore
Pages: 211 - 219
Mammography is the best exam for early diagnosis of breast cancer. Developing countries frequently have a low income of mammography and absence of organized screening. The knowledge of vulnerable population and strategies to increase adherence are important to improve the implementation of an organized...
Research Article

2. Spatial and non-spatial determinants of successful tuberculosis treatment outcomes: An implication of Geographical Information Systems in health policy-making in a developing country

Goodarz Kolifarhood, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Shaker Salarilak, Alireza Shoghli, Nasim Khosravi
Pages: 221 - 230
This retrospective study aimed to address whether or to what extent spatial and non-spatial factors with a focus on a healthcare delivery system would influence successful tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes in Urmia, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, data of 452 new TB cases were extracted from...
Research Article

3. Estimating the potential impact fraction of hypertension as the main risk factor of stroke: Application of the distribution shift method

Azam Biderafsh, Manoochehr Karami, Javad Faradmal, Jalal Poorolajal
Pages: 231 - 237
Few published studies have assessed the impact of quantitative risk factors such as high blood pressure on stroke. The aim of this study was to quantify the potential impact fraction (PIF) of hypertension on stroke in Hamadan Province, western Iran. Avoidable burden of stroke associated with high blood...
Research Article

4. Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among school-going adolescents in Madagascar

Sreenivas P. Veeranki, Hadii M. Mamudu, Rijo M. John, Ahmed E.O. Ouma
Pages: 239 - 247
Approximately 90% of adults start smoking during adolescence, with limited studies conducted in low-and-middle-income countries where over 80% of global tobacco users reside. The study aims to estimate prevalence and identify predictors associated with adolescents’ tobacco use in Madagascar. We utilized...
Research Article

5. Smoking motivators are different among cigarette and waterpipe smokers: The results of ITUPP

Hamidreza Roohafza, Kamal Heidari, Tahereh Alinia, Razieh Omidi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Elham Andalib, Ali Ajami, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
Pages: 249 - 258
The present study explores different drivers of cigarette and water pipe smoking among middle and high school students in Isfahan province. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Trained staff collected questionnaires and saliva samples for response accuracy evaluation. Prevalence...
Research Article

6. Symptom clusters on primary care medical service trips in five regions in Latin America

Christopher Dainton, Charlene Chu
Pages: 259 - 264
Short-term primary care medical service trips organized by the North American non-governmental organizations (NGOs) serve many communities in Latin America that are poorly served by the national health system. This descriptive study contributes to the understanding of the epidemiology of patients seen...
Research Article

7. Prospective study of predictors of poor self-rated health in a 23-year cohort of earthquake survivors in Armenia

Anahit Demirchyan, Varduhi Petrosyan, Haroutune K. Armenian, Vahe Khachadourian
Pages: 265 - 274
Long-term prospective studies exploring general health outcomes among disaster survivors are rare. Self-rated health (SRH) – a proven correlate of morbidity and mortality prognosis – was used to investigate predictors of perceived health status among a 23-year cohort of survivors of 1988 Spitak earthquake...
Research Article

8. Study of drug resistance in pulmonary tuberculosis cases in south coastal Karnataka

Parashuram Rao, Kiran Chawla, Vishnu Prasad Shenoy, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Vishwanath Brahmavar, Asha Kamath, Aswini Kumar Mohapatra
Pages: 275 - 281
The present cross-sectional study was conducted for the first time from the Udupi district of coastal Karnataka to know the prevalence of drug resistance and comparative analysis of MDR and non-MDR cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. Details of 862 smear positive cases of pulmonary tuberculosis with age...
Research Article

9. Fall-related injuries in a low-income setting: Results from a pilot injury surveillance system in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Junaid A. Bhatti, Umar Farooq, Mudassir Majeed, Jahangir S. Khan, Junaid A. Razzak, Muhammad M. Khan
Pages: 283 - 290
This study assessed the characteristics and emergency care outcomes of fall-related injuries in Pakistan. This study included all fall-related injury cases presenting to emergency departments (EDs) of the three teaching hospitals in Rawalpindi city from July 2007 to June 2008. Out of 62,530 injury cases,...
Short Communication

10. Foot ailments during Hajj: A short report

Shruti Sridhar, Samir Benkouiten, Khadidja Belhouchat, Tassadit Drali, Ziad A. Memish, Philippe Parola, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Gautret
Pages: 291 - 294
A study of ailments of the feet in pilgrims of Hajj revealed that 31% of them suffered from blisters, and the prevalence was five times higher in females. The presence of comorbidity (diabetes, obesity and advanced age) warrants immediate attention to them to avoid serious complications.
Letter to Editor

11. Volunteering to improve health worldwide. Current trends in Out of Programme Experience/Training in the UK 2014

T. Bharucha, A. Traianou, M. Keniger, G. Chisholm, G. Lewis, J. Roland, M. Stark, C.S. Brown
Pages: 295 - 296