Proceedings of the 3rd ASEAN Conference on Psychology, Counselling, and Humanities (ACPCH 2017)

The Role of Music Therapy in Promoting Communication and Social Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study

Authors
Monica Subiantoro
Corresponding Author
Monica Subiantoro
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/acpch-17.2018.14How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Music, therapy, children, autism, communication.
Abstract
Based on data gathered by WHO, 1 in 160 children has autism (WHO, 2017). This rapidly increasing number has alarmed parents and healthcare professionals. One of the primary concerns raised by parents of children with autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, is the lack of initiative from their children in communication. Prior to verbal means of communication, parents communicate with their babies using musical cues such as rhythm, dynamics, melody, volume, tempo, and intensity (Stern, 1985). In addition, 'motherese' or infant-directed singing is found effective in promoting parent-infant bonding (Gardner & Goldson, 2002). The abovementioned theories support the practice of music therapy on children with communication issues. Given the growing practice with this population worldwide (Wigram, 2002; Oldfield, 2006; Thompson, 2012), music therapy is considered a new intervention in Indonesia. This pilot study aims to investigate the effects of music therapy in communication and social skills development of a child with autism. It includes a single-case study that has been analyzed qualitatively through observation and video analysis. A child received individual weekly music therapy sessions for a year at home, run by a registered music therapist. The results showed an increase of eye contact, turn-taking, and shared playing. The enjoyment in music making and improvisation leads to the awareness of other's presence in the room, which later translates into the responsiveness in both musical and verbal cues.
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Proceedings
3rd ASEAN Conference on Psychology, Counselling, and Humanities (ACPCH 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-457-6
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/acpch-17.2018.14How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Monica Subiantoro
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - The Role of Music Therapy in Promoting Communication and Social Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study
BT  - 3rd ASEAN Conference on Psychology, Counselling, and Humanities (ACPCH 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 65
EP  - 70
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/acpch-17.2018.14
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/acpch-17.2018.14
ID  - Subiantoro2018/02
ER  -