An Analysis of Condolences Speech Act by Indonesian Adolescents
- 10.2991/assehr.k.200406.008How to use a DOI?
- condolences strategy, face-threatening act, politeness, power and distance, speech act
This study aims to identify strategies in condolence expressions and explain the effect of power and distance on the choice of condolences strategies used by 20 Indonesian adolescents at the age of 11 to 19 years old. The study was employed by using a qualitative descriptive method. In the form of discourse completion task (DCT), the data were analyzed using Elwood’s (2004) classification of condolences strategies and Brown and Levinson’s (1987) theory of politeness. Based on 20 condolence expressions for each given situation, the findings reveal first, seeking absolution from God and expression of sympathy appears as the dominant strategy used by the respondents with 27.3% and 26.9% occurrences respectively, followed by future-oriented remarks (18.1%), an offer of assistance (12.3%), expression of concern (7.5%), related question (6.6%), and acknowledgment of the death (1.3%). Moreover, the finding also shows that variation in strategies of condolence expression appears to be motivated by the factors of the relationship. In more distant relationships, the respondents use lower risk strategies, while those who involve in a closer relationship would choose strategies of higher risk. The findings of the study indicate that the collectivistic norms and religious background of respondents can strongly affect their strategies choices in expressing condolences.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Diah Nurlianingsih AU - Ernie D. Ayu Imperiani PY - 2020 DA - 2020/04/09 TI - An Analysis of Condolences Speech Act by Indonesian Adolescents BT - Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 34 EP - 38 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.008 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.200406.008 ID - Nurlianingsih2020 ER -