Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects” (DETP 2020)

An Experimental Study of Perception by Preschoolers: The Computer Models of Real Objects as Three-Dimensional on the Screens of Touchscreen Devices

Authors
S.G. Krylova, Yu.E. Vodyaha
Corresponding Author
S.G. Krylova
Available Online 13 May 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.077How to use a DOI?
Keywords
virtual 3D images, visual-haptic perception, visual-haptic discrepancy
Abstract
The experimental study presented in the article is the first in our series of experiments aimed at testing the hypothesis that children rely on the characteristics of real physical objects known to them when they perceive computer models of these objects (virtual objects). The dimension was chosen as the first investigated characteristic. Dimension is an amodal characteristic, that is, it can be perceived on the basis of sensory information of various modality (visual or haptic). A pilot experimental study was conducted to test the hypothesis: do children of preschool age perceive virtual three-dimensional objects as three-dimensional when acting on them on a tablet computer screen (on a two-dimensional surface). The experiment was attended by 20 children aged 4-5 years. Each child participated in five experimental tests: the main test 1 - actions (moving by touching) with a virtual volumetric object on the tablet computer screen, sample 2 - viewing the image of a volumetric object on the tablet computer screen without performing actions with it. Three additional tests with real volumetric objects (visual, haptic, visual-haptic) were also performed to assess the perceptual development of children. After each test, the children were offered, on the basis of only haptic information, to choose a reference object among four objects: two three-dimensional and two flat. 94.1% of children who successfully identified real objects identified the virtual object after sample 1 as three-dimensional, despite the effect of the mismatch between visual and haptic information. The results are consistent with the idea of the optimal integration of visual and haptic information in the perception of the size and shape of three-dimensional objects by giving more weight to more reliable information. In sample 2, in the absence of the possibility of action with the image on the tablet computer screen, the number of errors associated with the recognition of a virtual three-dimensional object as three-dimensional significantly increased (33.3%).
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - S.G. Krylova
AU  - Yu.E. Vodyaha
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/05/13
TI  - An Experimental Study of Perception by Preschoolers: The Computer Models of Real Objects as Three-Dimensional on the Screens of Touchscreen Devices
BT  - International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects” (DETP 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 424
EP  - 431
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.077
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.077
ID  - Krylova2020
ER  -