Upgrading and Downgrading Accounts as Indirect Apology Strategies
Available Online July 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/hssnpp-19.2019.55How to use a DOI?
- expressive, speech act, speech formula, language corpus, face-threatening strategy, face-saving strategy, speaker, hearer
- The article marks such indirect apology strategies as Upgrading Accounts; Downgrading Accounts; An Offer of Repair; A Promise of Forbearance; swearing; interjections Oops!; oh no!Such strategies as Upgrading (face-threatening for a speaker) and Downgrading (face-saving for a speaker) accounts are analyzed in detail. Using a language corpus, the realizations of the following speech acts are studied: admission of guilt, self-criticism, confession about guilt consciousness (Upgrading Accounts); explanation (Downgrading Accounts). In addition to indirect apology strategies used separately, various combinations of these strategies are identified. Also, hearer's reaction to indirect apology strategies is studied, which can be: the negation of speaker's guilt; the acceptance of the apology; the rejection to accept an apology; hearer's apology (in response to speaker's apology).
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - E. Skvortsova PY - 2019/07 DA - 2019/07 TI - Upgrading and Downgrading Accounts as Indirect Apology Strategies BT - "Humanities and Social Sciences: Novations, Problems, Prospects" (HSSNPP 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 294 EP - 298 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/hssnpp-19.2019.55 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/hssnpp-19.2019.55 ID - Skvortsova2019/07 ER -