Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Character Education (ICCE 2020)

The Thoughts of Pancasila in Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah in the Era of Reform Indonesia

Authors
Giri Harto Wiratomo, Suprayogi, Natal Kristiono
Corresponding Author
Giri Harto Wiratomo
Available Online 6 February 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210204.015How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Pancasila Thought, Nahdlatul Ulama, Muhammadiyah, Reform Era, Indonesia
Abstract

Pancasila is a basic consensus in the Indonesia country. Since the reform era, the thought of Pancasila has not been explored much. The largest religious-based social organizations in Indonesia, namely Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah, bind Pancasila as the main guide in people’s lives. Pancasila as the basis of the state is an agreement between groups of people. Debates about the state and religion have occurred since the formulation of the basis of the state. The two largest Islamic community organizations in Indonesia are NU and Muhammadiyah accept Pancasila as the basis of the state. As Muslims, they do not adhere to Islam as the basis of the state without having to establish an Islamic state. As a supporter of Pancasila, certainly have reason to accept Pancasila thinking used as a basis of the state. The problem of this article is how the thought of Pancasila in the religious organizations of NU and Muhammadiyah in the reform era Indonesia. The purpose of this article is to trace the thoughts of the Pancasila of the religious organizations of NU and Muhammadiyah in the reform era Indonesia. The research method is qualitative. The results of the research and discussion of this article are the interrelation between religion and Pancasila. The minds of both mass organizations understand the form of the state as wasilah (intermediary), not ghayah (goal). Pancasila is part of the agreement. The idea of Pancasila in NU is based on ubbul wathan minal iman (love for the motherland is part of faith). Meanwhile, Muhammadiyah based it on the principle of darul ahdi wa syahadah (consensus/agreement state).

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Character Education (ICCE 2020)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
6 February 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-329-5
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210204.015How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Giri Harto Wiratomo
AU  - Suprayogi
AU  - Natal Kristiono
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/02/06
TI  - The Thoughts of Pancasila in Nahdlatul Ulama and Muhammadiyah in the Era of Reform Indonesia
BT  - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Character Education (ICCE 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 99
EP  - 104
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210204.015
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210204.015
ID  - Wiratomo2021
ER  -