Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Indonesian Legal Studies (ICILS 2019)

After successfully organizing the 1st International Conference on Indonesian Legal Studies (ICILS) in July 2018, the Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), Indonesia, came back again this year to organize the 2nd International Conference on Indonesian Legal Studies (ICILS 2019). The conference of this year carried the big theme of ‘Utilizing Local Wisdom for Stronger Democracy and Sustainable Development’ to address the challenges of global development. The theme was chosen to reaffirm the important role of local wisdom, which not only grows and develops in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, but also around the world on strengthening the system of democracy and maintaining sustainable development. The role of local wisdoms originating from local communities, whether in law, social, political or other fields, inspired widespread legal developments both domestically and internationally. In the context of international law, for example, customary international law as manifestation of local wisdoms values is one of the sources of international law recognized by international law regimes, and many developments in this law are also inspired by various international customary values. In other legal contexts, it is undeniable that the development of national law in almost all countries is always inspired by the legal values of local communities in the country.

Democracy and Sustainable Development are two important issues that concern the international community. Not only the problem of creating a good civil society but also maintaining the future. These two issues are not only closely related to law, but also other fields of science, such as social, political, economic, cultural and even environmental science. How to bridge democracy with the values of local wisdom in the national and international context is a challenge especially in the era of globalization and the development of information and technology as it is today.

The 2nd ICILS 2019 is committed to being one of the gathering places for experts, academicians, and community to support the issue of democracy and the environment on a global scale. This forum is expected to provide concrete solutions in supporting the strengthening of democracy on a global scale and sustainable environment to guarantee a better future.

This present volume of proceedings contains selected papers of the International Conference on Indonesian Legal Studies (ICILS) held on September 4, 2019 in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia, and it had successfully invited almost two hundreds researchers, academicians, and legal practitioners to disseminate their researches and send their abstracts to this conference. There were about 100 abstracts reviewed, and 44 abstracts were selected and then presented in the conference. The scope of the conference had made participants enthusiastically submit their full paper, and the papers came from various countries beside Indonesia, such as Malaysia, Australia, The Netherlands, and Thailand.

Regarding the publication, we would like to express our great thankfulness to the whole publication team that had full support for making this publication possible. The 2nd ICILS 2019 Proceedings are dedicated to all: readers, the team, authors, the faculty member, and the Faculty of Law Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES) who commemorate the 12th Dies Natalis (Anniversary) at this November.

The Editors Ridwan Arifin, Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), Indonesia
Dani Muhtada, Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), Indonesia
Rodiyah, Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), Indonesia
Suhadi, Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), Indonesia
Rahayu Ferry Anitasari, Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES), Indonesia