Analysis of Ethics in Speech Criticism on Facebook: Grice’s Cooperative Principles
- https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081How to use a DOI?
- cooperative principle; criticism; language ethic; politeness principle
In the theory of linguistic politenesss, both in Brown and Levinson’s off-record strategy and Leech’s irony principle, implicature strategy is considered as a strategy to convey criticism politely. However, in the theory of communication ethics, aspects of truthfulness, relevance, and informativeness of message are ethical aspects emphasized in communication. This suggests that the implicature strategy is inadequate parameter to determine politeness of criticism if it is not endorsed by aspects of truthfulness, relevance, and informativeness. In linguistics field, these aspects have also been proposed in Grice’s cooperative principle theory. Therefore, this research study aims to identify the ethical value of criticizing utterances on Facebook status by using Grice’s cooperative principle theory as a parameter to determine the ethical value of criticizing utterances. The study used 50 statuses from Rakyat Oposisi account as a research data. This study used qualitative-descriptive approach using pragmatic analysis to identify the contextual meaning of criticizing utterances on those statuses. The results of this study showed that the criticizing utterances on Rakyat Oposisi’s account were more dominant indicating violations of quality (truthfulness), relevance, and quantity (informativeness). This suggests that user was more likely to share the incorrect and irrelevant information when criticizing individuals on Facebook.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Ziyaul Haq AU - Mukhammad Isnaeni PY - 2022 DA - 2022/05/14 TI - Analysis of Ethics in Speech Criticism on Facebook: Grice’s Cooperative Principles BT - Proceedings of the International Conference of Learning on Advance Education (ICOLAE 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 781 EP - 787 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081 ID - Haq2022 ER -