Proceedings of the International Conference of Learning on Advance Education (ICOLAE 2021)

Analysis of Ethics in Speech Criticism on Facebook: Grice’s Cooperative Principles

Authors
Ziyaul Haq1, *, Mukhammad Isnaeni2
1Universitas Indraprasta PGRI Jakarta, Indonesia
2Indonesia’s National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN)
*Corresponding author: Email: yaulelite@gmail.com
Corresponding Author
Ziyaul Haq
Available Online 14 May 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081How to use a DOI?
Keywords
cooperative principle; criticism; language ethic; politeness principle
Abstract

In the theory of linguistic politenesss, both in Brown and Levinson’s off-record strategy and Leech’s irony principle, implicature strategy is considered as a strategy to convey criticism politely. However, in the theory of communication ethics, aspects of truthfulness, relevance, and informativeness of message are ethical aspects emphasized in communication. This suggests that the implicature strategy is inadequate parameter to determine politeness of criticism if it is not endorsed by aspects of truthfulness, relevance, and informativeness. In linguistics field, these aspects have also been proposed in Grice’s cooperative principle theory. Therefore, this research study aims to identify the ethical value of criticizing utterances on Facebook status by using Grice’s cooperative principle theory as a parameter to determine the ethical value of criticizing utterances. The study used 50 statuses from Rakyat Oposisi account as a research data. This study used qualitative-descriptive approach using pragmatic analysis to identify the contextual meaning of criticizing utterances on those statuses. The results of this study showed that the criticizing utterances on Rakyat Oposisi’s account were more dominant indicating violations of quality (truthfulness), relevance, and quantity (informativeness). This suggests that user was more likely to share the incorrect and irrelevant information when criticizing individuals on Facebook.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference of Learning on Advance Education (ICOLAE 2021)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
14 May 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-577-0
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ziyaul Haq
AU  - Mukhammad Isnaeni
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/05/14
TI  - Analysis of Ethics in Speech Criticism on Facebook: Grice’s Cooperative Principles
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference of Learning on Advance Education (ICOLAE 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 781
EP  - 787
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220503.081
ID  - Haq2022
ER  -