Patterns and Functions of the Word Terus in Four-to-Five-Year-Old Children’s Speech
- 10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004How to use a DOI?
- collocation, collocation pattern, terus, nonformal, children, Indonesian language
In Standard Indonesian and Colloquial Jakarta Indonesian, terus, which is pronounced as trus has several meanings; ‘immediate, continuing, not stopping, always, and then’. This paper discusses the use of terus and its function as an adverb and a conjunction in Indonesian-speaking children’s speech. In this study, we examined the patterns and functions of the word in their speech, using collocation method as proposed by Sinclair (1991). The main data of this study is four-to-five-year-old children’s speech, obtained from interviews in informal settings at a kindergarten in Jakarta. This study used qualitative and quantitative approaches to explain the patterns and functions of terus. Quantitative analysis was conducted using Ant. Conc. to examine the frequency of hold and words occurred in left and right spans. Qualitative analysis was conducted to elaborate the findings. It was found that terus as a node significantly indicated specific patterns: the left and right spans had nouns and verbs as collocate. Other categories such as pronouns, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, phatic, conjunctions, and numerals were also found. These collocations were located along (-5: +4) span. The finding also showed that terus functioned as an adverb ‘unstoppable, always, continuing’ in the left span, while it functioned as a conjunction ‘lalu’ in the right span. The study showed that the node had in semantic and syntactic collocations.
- © 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Agnes Sarila Wiridhani AU - Niken Pramanik AU - Bernadette Kushartanti AU - Untung Yuwono PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12/17 TI - Patterns and Functions of the Word Terus in Four-to-Five-Year-Old Children’s Speech BT - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education (ICOLLITE 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 22 EP - 27 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004 ID - Wiridhani2020 ER -