Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education (ICOLLITE 2020)

Patterns and Functions of the Word Terus in Four-to-Five-Year-Old Children’s Speech

Authors
Agnes Sarila Wiridhani, Niken Pramanik, Bernadette Kushartanti, Untung Yuwono
Corresponding Author
Bernadette Kushartanti
Available Online 17 December 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004How to use a DOI?
Keywords
collocation, collocation pattern, terus, nonformal, children, Indonesian language
Abstract

In Standard Indonesian and Colloquial Jakarta Indonesian, terus, which is pronounced as trus has several meanings; ‘immediate, continuing, not stopping, always, and then’. This paper discusses the use of terus and its function as an adverb and a conjunction in Indonesian-speaking children’s speech. In this study, we examined the patterns and functions of the word in their speech, using collocation method as proposed by Sinclair (1991). The main data of this study is four-to-five-year-old children’s speech, obtained from interviews in informal settings at a kindergarten in Jakarta. This study used qualitative and quantitative approaches to explain the patterns and functions of terus. Quantitative analysis was conducted using Ant. Conc. to examine the frequency of hold and words occurred in left and right spans. Qualitative analysis was conducted to elaborate the findings. It was found that terus as a node significantly indicated specific patterns: the left and right spans had nouns and verbs as collocate. Other categories such as pronouns, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, phatic, conjunctions, and numerals were also found. These collocations were located along (-5: +4) span. The finding also showed that terus functioned as an adverb ‘unstoppable, always, continuing’ in the left span, while it functioned as a conjunction ‘lalu’ in the right span. The study showed that the node had in semantic and syntactic collocations.

Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education (ICOLLITE 2020)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
17 December 2020
ISBN
978-94-6239-303-5
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Agnes Sarila Wiridhani
AU  - Niken Pramanik
AU  - Bernadette Kushartanti
AU  - Untung Yuwono
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/12/17
TI  - Patterns and Functions of the Word Terus in Four-to-Five-Year-Old Children’s Speech
BT  - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education (ICOLLITE 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 22
EP  - 27
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201215.004
ID  - Wiridhani2020
ER  -