Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Neuroscience, Neurology and Psychiatry (ICONAP 2022)

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28 articles
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Mustafa M. Amin, Elmeida Effendy, Dina K. Sari, Kiking Ritarwan, Banthit Chetsawang, Mirko Spiroski, Zöe Bichler, Uttam K. Sharma
Proceedings Article

CASE REPORT: Paget’s Disease with Secondary Encephalopathy

Alfansuri Kadri, Eko Yandra
Introduction: Paget’s disease is a metabolic disorder of bone in which osteoclasts are more active than osteoblasts, resulting in increased bone resorption and compensated by excessive formation of new bone contributed by osteoblasts. Bones affected with Paget’s Disease stimulate hypervascularization,...
Proceedings Article

The Nutritional Status of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Treated in the Stroke Corner of General Hospital Haji Adam Malik in 2021

Alfansuri Kadri, Siti Alimah
Background: Stroke may result in the decline of a patient’s nutritional status, which has a detrimental impact on functional recovery and mortality rate. Studies showed that 6–31% of nutritional deficiency is found before stroke, and tends to worsen during hospital admission. The objective of this study...
Proceedings Article

Reinforcing Factors and the Behavior of Early Detection of Cervical Cancer in Women of Childbearing Age

Fatwa Imelda, Heru Santosa, Sarma Lumbanraja, Namora Lumongga Lubis
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between reinforcing factors and the behavior of early detection of cervical cancer in women of childbearing age (WCA) in Medan City. Research Methods Correlational quantitative research design involving 150 WCA as respondents through non-probability...
Proceedings Article

Correlation Between People with Schizophrenia and COVID-19 Based on Demographic Characteristics

Richie Futrawan, Mustafa M. Amin, Muhammad Surya Husada
Background: In Indonesia, Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) was first reported on March 2, 2020, about 4 months after the first case was reported in China. Subsequently, 2 cases were initially reported, and on the 6th of March same year, additional 2 were also reported, leading to an increase in the rising...
Proceedings Article

Candidate IL-2 -330 T/G Polymorphism in Javanese with Schizophrenia

Sutan Dassep Purnama, Mustafa M. Amin, Elmeida Effendy
Background: Schizophrenia is a complex disorder involving multiple genes with mild to moderate effects and non-genetic risk factors such as environmental and psychological influences. A significant reduction in interleukin-2 -330 T/G production by peripheral lymphocytes is an immunological finding replicated...
Proceedings Article

Attributing Factors of Depressive Symptoms in Women Undergoing Infertility Treatment

Heni Indrawati Dalimunthe, Elmeida Effendy, Vita Camellia, Binarwan Halim
Clinical depression occurs in 5–10% of the infertile population, and even bigger proportion up to 30% exhibits symptoms with varying intensities throughout their lives. Current studies on risks related to depressive symptoms among infertile women are limited and inconsistent. Therefore, this study aims...
Proceedings Article

A Case Study of Possession and Trance Disorder in Salai Jin Ritual: Etiology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics

Hot Parsaulian Siregar, Mustafa M. Amin
The 10th and 11th editions of the WHO Classification discuss the possession trance disorder (PTD) chapter on dissociative disorders. ICD-11 de- fined the concept as “a significant alteration in the individual's state of consciousness and sense of personal identity replaced by an external identity...
Proceedings Article

Factors Associated with Depression in Parents of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukimia Patients in Childhood Hemato-Oncology Installation at Haji Adam Malik Center General Hospital Medan

Rinaldi Fajri, Nazli Mahdinasari Nasution, Dessy Mawar Zalia, Chindy Chias Arthy
Background: Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a common form of childhood cancer, occurring before age 15. Parents of children with this disease initially showed signs of depression as well as emotional levels and disturbances in family functioning, in response to their children’s diagnosis. Although...
Proceedings Article

Management of Schizophrenia in Breastfeeding Mothers: A Case Report

Sadar Rohana Br Manik, Elmeida Effendy, Nazli Mahdinasari Nasution
The primary age of onset for schizophrenia in women is from 25 to 35 years, which is also a childbearing period in most women. About 50–60% will become pregnant and breastfeed their babies, and 50% of these pregnancies are unplanned or unwanted. Discontinuation of medication during pregnancy or breastfeeding...
Proceedings Article

A Case Report on Seumumbo Ritual-Induced Postpartum Psychosis

Riski Syahna, Elmeida Effendy
The most serious psychiatric condition related to childbirth is postpartum psychosis, and women who have had bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, or a previous episode of postpartum psychosis are more susceptible. Despite the fact that altered stress responses are significant risk factors for...
Proceedings Article

A Case of Kleptomania in Adults: How to Diagnose and Treat It

David Erikson Simanjuntak, Mustafa M. Amin
According to the ICD-10 criteria, kleptomania is a rare disorder that affects between 0.3 and 0.6% of the general population. This disorder usually manifests in early adolescence and is more common in women than men (3:1). It is one of the least known mental illnesses and is frequently underdiagnosed...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Begu Ganjang Culture on Persecutory Delusional Disorder: A Case Report

Vera El Sammah Siagian, Elmeida Effendy
Background: Begu Ganjang is a traditional term for a spirit that could cause misfortune to others. Social comparison, financial and political problems are some factors that might contribute to the use of Begu Ganjang. Delusion is defined as a psychiatric disorder with a belief of deception as its main...
Proceedings Article

A Case Report of Family Relations in Shared Psychotic Disorder

Janiasman Alexsandro Sinurat, Mustafa M. Amin
Background: Shared Psychotic Disorder or Folie À Deux is rarely in studies, where individuals share their delusions with others. The close relationships most often found in this disorder include husband and wife, brothers and sisters, mother and children, and others. In this case, elements of mutual...
Proceedings Article

Genital Retraction Syndrome (Koro): A Case of the Culture-Bound Syndrome in Migrant in Indonesia

S. Fitri Ana Ima, Elmeida Effendy
Background: The body image of a person's genitalia is pathologically distorted in Koro syndrome. The acute anxiety that comes with the beliefs that the genitalia would shrink and withdraw into the stomach, ultimately causing death, characterizes this dysphoria. The illness has been regarded as an...
Proceedings Article

A Case Report: Conduct Disorder Due to Internet Gaming Disorder

Shela Gustirani, Mustafa M. Amin
Background: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is continuous and repetitive activities of playing games, such as online multiplayer games. Consequently, these activities could cause illness and difficulties among the players that may last more than 12 months. Meanwhile, conduct disorder (CD) is a common...
Proceedings Article

Candidate IL-1β -511C/T Polymorphism in Schizophrenia Patients in Batak Tribe

Syaifuddin Nasution, Elmeida Effendy, Mustafa M. Amin
Background: There are approximately 20 million cases of schizophrenia worldwide. This complication can result from developmental processes, neurodegenerative, and neurotransmitter disorders to the occurrence of infectious or autoimmune processes. Furthermore, serotonin, noradrenaline, dopamine, and glutamate...
Proceedings Article

Attitude Toward Treatment and Medication Adherence Among Chronic Schizophrenia After Undergoing Confinement

Jenny Marlindawani Purba, Hasnida Hasnida, Iwan Rusdi
Medication adherence is a crucial aspect in preventing relapse in chronic schizophrenic patients. Positive attitude towards medication adherence is one of the contributing factors in medication adherence. Objective: This study aimed to analyse the relationship between attitude toward treatment and medication...
Proceedings Article

The Characteristics of Epilepsy in Healthcare Facilities in Medan Period of 2015–2020

Andika Wiguna, Aida Fitri, Chairil Amin Batubara
Background: Epilepsy is brain disorder marked by the tendency to continuously causing epileptic raise with neurobiological, cognitive, psychological, and social consequences. About 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, making epilepsy the most common neurological disease globally. There are minimal...
Proceedings Article

Nulliparous Woman with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Case Report

Muhammad Rusda, Riang Salbia Tambunan
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by a combination of signs and symptoms of androgen excess (hirsutism, hyperandrogenemia) and ovarian dysfunction (oligo-ovulation, polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM)). In ASRM/ESHRE consensus in 2003, PCOS diagnosis...
Proceedings Article

Specific Phobia: A Case Report of a Child with Money Phobia

Margreth Abletara Banurea, Elmeida Effendy
A specific phobia is an exaggerated, irrational fear of a particular object or situation that is avoided at all costs or faced with great stress. The essential characteristic is a real and persistent fear of objects or situations that can be seen. A case was found, a 13-year-old girl with the initials...
Proceedings Article

Myasthenia Gravis with Mediastinal Tumors

Alfansuri Kadri, Utami Tarigan
Introduction: Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease caused by antibodies targeting acetylcholine receptors to reduce the depolarization ability of extraocular, bulbar, and proximal muscles. Mediastinal tumors associated with MG are known as paraneoplastic syndromes and are primarily found in...
Proceedings Article

A Case Report: Is There a Drug-Induced Gambling Disorder?

Afrendi Akbar, Mustafa M. Amin
Gambling disorder (GD) has been identified as a rare but serious adverse reaction to dopaminergic drugs that are widely used to treat mental problems. It is characterized as a recurrent and persistent sickness that results in clinically substantial pain or disability and threatens the patient’s capacity...
Proceedings Article

Same Gender De’ Clerambault in a Man: Case Report

S. Beby Puteri Utami, Mustafa M. Amin
Currently, Gender De ‘Clerambault or erotomania is a very rare case, especially in men. This disorder is related to a person’s culture and socioeconomic, with the most prominent symptom being delusional disorder, and the best treatment is antipsychotics. Mr. H, age 40, complained of sleeping difficulty...
Proceedings Article

Relationship Between the Support from Healthcare Workers and Mother’s Motivation to Exclusively Breastfeed in Medan

Farida Linda Sari Siregar, Evawany Yunita Aritonang, Etti Sudaryati, Nurmaini Nurmaini
Breast milk is an important nutrient for newborns, which provides short-term and long-term health benefits for infants and mothers. The support from health workers is very much needed in providing information and education on exclusive breastfeeding to mothers and the family members from pregnancy check-ups...
Proceedings Article

Postpartum Depression Associated with Beliefs in Pelesit: A Case Report

Melli Sesarya, Elmeida Effendy
Background: Depression can occur in postpartum mothers, influenced by various biological factors, such as temperament, genetic or biochemical, and other psychological problems, including personality/personal history and family environment. Previous studies also stated that the condition is associated...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Biopsychosocial Influence on Adolescent Emotional Problems Using Structural Equation Model

Wardiyah Daulay, Mahnum Lailan Nasution, Jenny Marlindawani Purba
Adolescent emotional problems are prevented through biological, psychological, and social factors (biopsychosocial). The biopsychosocial model is used to understand children’s mental health conditions in the community. This study aims to identify the effect of biological, psychological, and social factors...
Proceedings Article

Phenomenological Study of the Psychological Condition of Nurses in COVID-19 Pandemic

Sri Eka Wahyuni, Budi Anna Keliat, Junaiti Sahar
Purpose The study explores the psychological conditions of COVID-19 nurses at the Medan City Hospital. Method Research design was descriptive phenomenological qualitative. The purposive sampling method was used to obtain data from 10 participants through in-depth interviews....