Proceedings of the International Conference of Innovation in Media and Visual Design (IMDES 2020)

Reinforcement of Rewards as Motivation for Students in Art Learning: A Case Study at a Local University

Authors
Junita Shariza Mohd Nasir
Corresponding Author
Junita Shariza Mohd Nasir
Available Online 3 December 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201202.082How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Rewards, Motivation, Learning, Art
Abstract
This study aims to look into the necessity of rewarding students, and how effective the usage of rewards reinforcement in motivating students towards learning art subject in universities. Positive reinforcement is essential in education as it strengthens their behaviour by presenting a desired stimulus (rewards). Educators normally select materials, conduct activities, relay information, impart knowledge, provide guidance, evaluate students, motivate and encourage learners. The intended research is designed specifically to see whether the act of giving rewards as a mean of recognition of good work and progress will increase learners’ level of motivation towards learning art. Arts in education is generally perceived as the less important subject in universities. This study is hoped to uplift the art education in universities and curriculum design such as Outcome Based Education (OBE) expert as to the importance of Art education, hence upgrades the quality, performance and motivation of students towards Art education. The researcher believes that universities in Malaysia need a change in their teaching methods. Giving rewards is considered as one of the best instruments in motivating Art learning amongst students. The research was conducted to 242 students from Humanities subject. The target population of this study is mostly from the Foundation year students from the Faculty of Creative Multimedia. The respondents were selected using a ‘cluster sampling method’. The researcher employed the questionnaire method as a means to gather information directly from the 242 respondents. From this research, the researcher found that the act of giving rewards in recognition to students excellent performance and progress is effective in teaching arts. Rewards usually improve and motivate students at the university level. This study also found that both male and female students were attracted to rewards. In addition to that, the attraction to the rewards has shown no difference between students of low level and high-level performance in Arts. Giving praises is also another way to motivate students. Most respondents agreed that giving rewards is the best way to improve and motivate art learning. The finding of this research proves that giving rewards helps in motivating students to learn arts. Regardless of any type of reward given, either in the form of praises, additional marks, special merits or certificates of appreciation, these rewards act as an extra encouragement to motivate students in art learning. Implementation needs to be made in the method of teaching at university level. Thus, it is proven that the finding of this research may be deemed as a helpful guideline to university educators in their process of imparting new art skills to students.
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TY  - CONF
AU  - Junita Shariza Mohd Nasir
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/12/03
TI  - Reinforcement of Rewards as Motivation for Students in Art Learning: A Case Study at a Local University
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference of Innovation in Media and Visual Design (IMDES 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 237
EP  - 241
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201202.082
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201202.082
ID  - Nasir2020
ER  -