Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar and 12th Congress of Indonesian Society for Microbiology (ISISM 2019)

Analysis of Bacterial Community Structure and Diversity in Traditional Gold Mining Waste Disposal Site by Using a Metabarcoding Approach

Authors
Fatimawali, B J Kepel, M A Gani, T E Tallei
Corresponding Author
Fatimawali
Available Online 12 August 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.011How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Metabarcoding, Bacteria community, Mercury level, Gold mining
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mercury contamination on bacterial community and structure in the contaminated soil at the mining waste disposal site (sample1) compare with uncontaminated soil (sample2). Mercury level was analyzed using the CVAFS method, and analysis of bacterial composition was carried out using metagenomic data generated from the V3-V4 region of 16S rRNA obtained from paired-end Illumina MiSeq reads. The results showed that the mercury level in sample 1 and 2 were 230 and 1.5 mg/kg, respectively. Metagenomic analysis showed that there were 57,031 reads in sample 1, consisting of 16 phyla, and 53,525 reads in sample 2, consisting of 15 phyla. Firmicutes was the most abundant phylum in sample 1, followed by Proteobacteria, Planctomycetes, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Chlorophlexi. Sample 2 was dominated by Firmicutes, followed by Proteobacteria and Planctomycetes. Bacilli was the most abundant class in sample 1, followed by Gammaproteobacteria and Planctomycetia. Bacilli was also the most abundant class in sample 2, followed by Clostridia. The predominating families in both samples were Bacillaceae. Aeromonadaceae was a large family after Bacillaceae in sample 1, and Peptostreptococcaceae in sample 2. This study provides an understanding of the microbial community structure in an area that is highly contaminated with mercury to open insight into the potential of these bacteria for mercury bioremediation.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar and 12th Congress of Indonesian Society for Microbiology (ISISM 2019)
Series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
12 August 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-417-9
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.011How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Fatimawali
AU  - B J Kepel
AU  - M A Gani
AU  - T E Tallei
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/08/12
TI  - Analysis of Bacterial Community Structure and Diversity in Traditional Gold Mining Waste Disposal Site by Using a Metabarcoding Approach
BT  - Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar and 12th Congress of Indonesian Society for Microbiology (ISISM 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 54
EP  - 58
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.011
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210810.011
ID  - 2021
ER  -