Artery Research

Volume 26, Issue 4, December 2020
Review Article

2. The Human Systemic and Cerebral Circulations: Contrasts in Structure and Function

Michael O’Rourke, Jonathan Stone, Audrey Adji, Mi Ok Kim, Yan Li, Ji Guang Wang, Alberto Avolio, Per Kristian Eide, Marek Czosnyka
Pages: 197 - 211
Apart from peculiarities of the cerebral circulation, required to perfuse the brain with the subject erect, the principles established for function of the human systemic circulation (pulsatile flow at input and steady flow at output in capillaries) are identical to those established for other mammals....
Research Article

3. Novel Aspects of Differences in Arterial Stiffness Parameters during Short Abstinent Period in Smokers vs. Non-smokers

Zsófia Mrekváné Burián, Annamária Pakai, Attila Cziráki, Zsófia Verzár
Pages: 212 - 218
Although the effects of smoking on hemodynamics and arterial stiffness has already been evaluated from many aspects, self-controlled and 24-h data have remained a missing area. Ten healthy light smokers were examined in a cross-sectional observational study for 48 h [smoking was prohibited during the...
Research Article

4. Acute Effects of Self-myofascial Release using a Foam Roller on Arterial Stiffness in Healthy Young Adults

Sascha Ketelhut, Martin Möhle, Kuno Hottenrott
Pages: 219 - 222
This study aimed to investigate whether a single bout of Self-myofascial Release (SMR) has a beneficial effect on peripheral and central Blood Pressure (BP) and different parameters of arterial stiffness. Twenty nine healthy male recreational athletes (26.1 ± 2.9 years, BMI 23.4 ± 1.5 kg/m2) completed...
Research Article

5. Association between Mental Health and Arterial Stiffness in Middle-aged and Older Adults

Nobuhiko Akazawa, Koichiro Tanahashi, Keisei Kosaki, Ai Hamasaki, Seiji Maeda
Pages: 223 - 227
Background: Mental stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about the impact of mental stress on arterial function in middle-aged and older adults. Objective: This study is aimed to investigate the association between mental stress and arterial function in this population. Methods:...
Research Article

6. Implications of Changing the Asymptotic Diastolic Pressure in the Reservoir-wave Model on Wave Intensity Parameters: A Parametric Study

N. Pomella, E.R. Rietzschel, P. Segers, Ashraf W. Khir
Pages: 228 - 235
Hybrid reservoir-wave models assume that the measured arterial pressure can be separated into two additive components, reservoir/windkessel and excess/wave pressure waveforms. Therefore, the effect of the reservoir volume should be excluded to properly quantify the effects of forward/backward-travelling...
Research Article

7. Pulse Wave Velocity Comparing Estimated and Direct Measures of Path Length in Older Women

Ludovica Bognoni, Marina Cecelja, Tarique Hussain, Gerald Greil, Tim Spector, Philip Chowienczyk, J. Kennedy Cruickshank
Pages: 236 - 241
Background: Carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity (cfPWV) is the gold-standard measure of arterial stiffness. Accuracy of non-invasive cfPWV as meters per second is impeded by surface estimates of aortic length. Our aim was to compare cfPWV measured using distance estimated from surface measurements with...
Research Article

8. Effect of Body Habitus and Heart Rate on Accuracy of Aortic-Radial Transfer Functions for Predicting Central Hemodynamic Indices in Growing Children

Tommy Y. Cai, Ahmad Qasem, Mark Butlin, Alberto Avolio, Julian G. Ayer, David S. Celermajer, Michael R. Skilton
Pages: 242 - 249
Central Systolic Blood Pressure (cSBP) and Central Augmentation Index (cAIx) have been independently associated with cardiovascular risk in adults, and can be estimated using a generalized peripheral-to-central transfer function. We hypothesize that transfer function accuracy and precision will be influenced...
Research Article

9. Protocol of the SPARTE Study: A Strategy for Preventing Cardiovascular and Renal Events based on ARTErial Stiffness

Stephane Laurent, Gilles Chatellier, Michel Azizi, David Calvet, Gabriel Choukroun, Nicolas Danchin, Pascal Delsart, Philippe Gosse, Gerard London, Jean-Jacques Mourad, Bruno Pannier, Helena Pereira, Dominique Stephan, Pierre Boutouyrie, On Behalf of SPARTE Investigators
Pages: 250 - 260
Whether arterial stiffness is a surrogate end-point for cardiovascular and renal disease has never been directly demonstrated by a controlled clinical trial. Our main hypothesis is a better prevention of outcomes in high risk hypertensives with PWV normalization driven strategy than with usual blood...