Artery Research

Volume 27, Issue 1, March 2021
Review Article

1. Does Treatment for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Improve Arterial Stiffness? Evidence from Randomized Clinical Trials on Carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity

D. Marcon, L. Faconti, B. Farukh, R. McNally, C. Fava, M. Pengo, P. Chowienczyk, J.K. Cruickshank
Pages: 1 - 6
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a breathing disorder characterized by narrowing of the upper airway that impairs normal ventilation during sleep. OSA is a highly prevalent condition which is associated with several Cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and CV diseases. Despite this clear association, Randomized...
Research Article

2. The Prognostic Role of Aortic Stiffness in Patients Hospitalized for an Acute Heart Failure Syndrome

Sophia Giannitsi, Mara Bougiakli, Aris Bechlioulis, Anna Kotsia, Lampros Lakkas, Ioannis Girdis, Konstantinos Pappas, Georgios Chasiotis, Eleni Bairaktari, Andreas Kalogeropoulos, Lampros K. Michalis, Katerina K. Naka
Pages: 7 - 13
Background: Although impaired arterial function has been associated with adverse prognosis in chronic Heart Failure (HF), its role in Acute HF Syndromes (AHFS) has been little studied. We prospectively investigated the prognostic role of arterial function on mortality and HF Hospitalizations (HHF) in...
Research Article

3. Sleep Quality is associated with Central Arterial Stiffness in Postmenopausal Women: A Cross-sectional Pilot Study

Youngju Choi, Nobuhiko Akazawa, Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Song-Gyu Ra, Seiji Maeda
Pages: 14 - 19
This study aimed to investigate the associations between sleep quality and arterial stiffness in healthy postmenopausal women. A total of 31 healthy postmenopausal women aged between 50 and 74 years participated in this study. Objectively and subjectively measured sleep quantity and quality were concomitantly...
Research Article

4. Hemodynamic Data Analysis and Site of Measurement in Children and Adolescents

Mirjam Močnik, Nataša Marčun Varda
Pages: 20 - 24
Pulse wave velocity is a method of functional vascular evaluation. The gold standard is the carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity measurement. However, the software allows measurement among radial, carotid and femoral artery. The goal of our prospective pilot study was to compare pulse wave velocity measurement...
Research Article

5. High Systolic Blood Pressure is Associated with Increased Cardio-ankle Vascular Index in the Elderly

Thapanee Roengrit, Ruchada Sri-amad, Nawiya Huipao
Pages: 25 - 31
Background: Increased arterial stiffness caused by elevated Blood Pressure (BP) can be indicated by the Cardio-ankle Vascular Index (CAVI). However, the relationship between arterial stiffness and BP is complex. In addition, changes in BP may contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular disease associated...
Research Article

6. The Association between Homocysteine, Arterial Stiffness and Executive Function Middle-age and Older Women

Ai Shindo-Hamasaki, Nobuhiko Akazawa, Reiko Momma, Seiji Maeda
Pages: 32 - 37
Age-related decreases in executive function and an increase in arterial stiffness and plasma homocysteine levels are related to the risk of dementia. However, the association between executive function, arterial stiffness, and homocysteine levels remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relationship...
Research Article

7. Primary African American Endothelial Cells Exhibit Endothelial Dysfunction with an Exacerbated Inflammatory Profile and Blunted MMP-2 Activity

Marc D. Cook, Chenyi Ling, Heather Grimm, Adelola Adeyemo, Maitha Aldokhayyil, Kevin Heffernan, Bo Fernhall, Michael Brown
Pages: 38 - 46
Endothelial dysfunction is associated with the racial health disparity in vascular dysfunction in African Americans (AAs). Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 is constitutively expressed in endothelial cells (EC) and is a biomarker that has been associated with hypertension, as its properties are involved...