Volume 27, Issue 2, June 2021
1. Factors Associated with Cardio Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and its Mathematically Corrected Formula (CAVI0) in Community Dwelling Individuals
Li-Ju Lin, Nan-Chen Hsieh, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Tan-Hsu Tan, Azadeh Alizargar, Chyi-Huey Bai, Javad Alizargar
Pages: 53 - 58
Cardio Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and mathematically corrected formula derived from it (CAVI0) are indices for arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis. Role of different atherosclerotic risk factors on CAVI and CAVI0 is not clear in the community dwelling individuals. This study aims to evaluate the...
2. Covid-19 Effects on ARTErial StIffness and Vascular AgeiNg: CARTESIAN Study Rationale and Protocol
Rosa Maria Bruno, Bart Spronck, Bernhard Hametner, Alun Hughes, Patrick Lacolley, Christopher C. Mayer, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Chakravarthi Rajkumar, Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios, Thomas Weber, Tine Willum Hansen, Pierre Boutouyrie, on behalf of the ARTERY Society
Pages: 59 - 68
In December 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia caused by a novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) spread rapidly worldwide. Although the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are dominated by respiratory symptoms, the cardiovascular system is extensively affected at multiple levels. Due to the unprecedented consequences...
Fernando Clara, José Alfie, Gustavo Blanco, Cecilia Resina, Meschino Gustavo, Mariana Fita
Pages: 69 - 74
Background: Indicators obtained from the analysis of the radial pulse wave allow an indirect evaluation of the interaction between cardiac ejection and arterial walls. Objectives: To analyze the characteristics of the arterial pulse in young elite athletes through a cross-sectional observational study. Methods:...
4. Homebased Standing Core Exercise Training Improves Femoral Blood Flow but not Arterial Stiffness in Middle-Aged to Older Adults
Hsin-Fu Lin, Soun-Cheng Wang, Hao-Min Cheng, Jun Sugawara
Pages: 75 - 81
Homebased exercise is often advocated to improve physical fitness in the aging population, especially when outdoor activity is not available. Yet we often have a limited understanding of its training effects for clinical uses. Aim: To investigate a short-term exercise training of standing core exercise...
5. Differential Sensitivity of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity and Ankle-Brachial Index for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Elderly Chinese: A Cross-Sectional Study
Guoxiang Fu, Yuan Zhong, Fengfeng Pan, Chanchan Xu
Pages: 82 - 86
Background: Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) and Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) are widely used in clinic for evaluating arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis separately. This study aimed to compare the sensitivity of baPWV and ABI for cardiovascular risk assessment in elderly Chinese. Methods:...
6. Central Blood Pressure in Young Kendo Athletes: Implications of Combined Anaerobic and Strength Training
Masaki Yoshioka, Kaname Tagawa, Yuriko Tochigi, Tomohito Sato, Jiyeon Park, Reiko Momma, Youngju Choi, Jun Sugawara, Seiji Maeda
Pages: 87 - 92
Background: Exercise training-induced adaptation of central Blood Pressure (BP) depends on exercise mode. Kendo, a traditional Japanese martial art, is a unique exercise mode because its training encompasses anaerobic and resistance training components. However, the effects of habitual kendo training...
7. KCa3.1 Inhibition Decreases Size and Alters Composition of Atherosclerotic Lesions Induced by Low, Oscillatory Flow
Darla L. Tharp, Douglas K. Bowles
Pages: 93 - 100
Low, oscillatory flow/shear patterns are associated with atherosclerotic lesion development. Increased expression of KCa3.1 has been found in Vascular Smooth Muscle (VSM), macrophages and T-cells in lesions from humans and mice. Increased expression of KCa3.1, is also required for VSM cell proliferation...
8. Therapeutic Effects of Interventional Therapy and Conservative Therapy on Lower Extremity Arteriosclerosis Obliterans and Risk Factors for Prognosis
Lingxiong Chen, Xuming Zhang, Fuyan Jiang, Zhida Yin, Jinqiu Xue, Chengmei Ruan, Lijiao Xie
Pages: 101 - 106
Background: Arteriosclerosis Obliterans (ASO) is an important cause for lower limb amputation. We aimed to compare the effects of interventional and conservative therapies on lower extremity ASO, and to analyze the risk factors for prognosis. Methods: Ninety-eight eligible patients were randomly divided...