Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response

Volume 10, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages 168 - 175

Investigation of the Risk Awareness of Wearing Masks by the Public during COVID-19 According to the Health Belief Questionnaires of Shanxi Province Residents

Authors
Hou Ruyi1, Duan Tingyu1, Sui Chunying2, Wu Yibo2, 3, *, Wang Xiujun1, Wang Yujie1, Sun Yu1
1Department of Humanities, Arts and Communication, Changzhi Medical College, Shanxi 046000, China
2Key Research Base of Philosophy and Social Sciences in Shaanxi Province, Health Culture Research Center of Shaanxi, Xi’an 712046, China
3Department of Medicine, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
*Corresponding author. Email: bjmuwuyibo@outlook.com
Corresponding Author
Wu Yibo
Received 17 August 2020, Accepted 7 January 2021, Available Online 28 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Risk, COVID-19, mask wearing behavior, health belief model, diffusion of innovation theory, structural equation model, influencing factors
Abstract

When some parts of the world are still debating whether the public wearing masks will help prevent and control the COVID-19. We have used questionnaires to investigate the wearing of masks and its influencing factors among residents in 11 cities in Shanxi Province. The questionnaire was designed based on the health belief model. We processed the collected data using the structural equation method. The results we got are as follows: (1) the average score of perceived severity is 3.14, indicating that the respondents had a strong sense of risk; (2) The average score of perceived benefits was 4.00, indicating that respondents thought that wearing masks can prevent COVID-19; (3) The average score of perceived barriers was 2.42, indicating that the respondents believed that there were fewer barriers against wearing masks during the epidemic; (4) The average score of perceived susceptibility was 3.23, indicating that respondents believed that they had a strong risk awareness of COVID-19 infection; (5) The average score of self-efficacy was 4.00, indicating that respondents had a strong belief in wearing masks correctly. The structural equation model shows that self-efficacy (λ = 0.40) and perceived susceptibility (λ = −0.15) had direct effects on the behavior of wearing masks. A wide range of mediating effects exists in the model. Perceived severity has an effect on the behavior of wearing masks through perceived susceptibility (λ = 0.41), perceived benefits through self-efficacy (λ = 0.68) and perceived susceptibility (λ = −0.35), and perceived barriers through self-efficacy (λ = −0.28). People are in the early adopter phase. Each dimension has a direct or indirect impact on the wearing of masks during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response
Volume-Issue
10 - 4
Pages
168 - 175
Publication Date
2021/01/28
ISSN (Online)
2210-8505
ISSN (Print)
2210-8491
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Hou Ruyi
AU  - Duan Tingyu
AU  - Sui Chunying
AU  - Wu Yibo
AU  - Wang Xiujun
AU  - Wang Yujie
AU  - Sun Yu
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01/28
TI  - Investigation of the Risk Awareness of Wearing Masks by the Public during COVID-19 According to the Health Belief Questionnaires of Shanxi Province Residents
JO  - Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response
SP  - 168
EP  - 175
VL  - 10
IS  - 4
SN  - 2210-8505
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001
ID  - Ruyi2021
ER  -