Investigation of the Risk Awareness of Wearing Masks by the Public during COVID-19 According to the Health Belief Questionnaires of Shanxi Province Residents
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001How to use a DOI?
- Risk, COVID-19, mask wearing behavior, health belief model, diffusion of innovation theory, structural equation model, influencing factors
When some parts of the world are still debating whether the public wearing masks will help prevent and control the COVID-19. We have used questionnaires to investigate the wearing of masks and its influencing factors among residents in 11 cities in Shanxi Province. The questionnaire was designed based on the health belief model. We processed the collected data using the structural equation method. The results we got are as follows: (1) the average score of perceived severity is 3.14, indicating that the respondents had a strong sense of risk; (2) The average score of perceived benefits was 4.00, indicating that respondents thought that wearing masks can prevent COVID-19; (3) The average score of perceived barriers was 2.42, indicating that the respondents believed that there were fewer barriers against wearing masks during the epidemic; (4) The average score of perceived susceptibility was 3.23, indicating that respondents believed that they had a strong risk awareness of COVID-19 infection; (5) The average score of self-efficacy was 4.00, indicating that respondents had a strong belief in wearing masks correctly. The structural equation model shows that self-efficacy (λ = 0.40) and perceived susceptibility (λ = −0.15) had direct effects on the behavior of wearing masks. A wide range of mediating effects exists in the model. Perceived severity has an effect on the behavior of wearing masks through perceived susceptibility (λ = 0.41), perceived benefits through self-efficacy (λ = 0.68) and perceived susceptibility (λ = −0.35), and perceived barriers through self-efficacy (λ = −0.28). People are in the early adopter phase. Each dimension has a direct or indirect impact on the wearing of masks during the COVID-19 epidemic.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Hou Ruyi AU - Duan Tingyu AU - Sui Chunying AU - Wu Yibo AU - Wang Xiujun AU - Wang Yujie AU - Sun Yu PY - 2021 DA - 2021/01/28 TI - Investigation of the Risk Awareness of Wearing Masks by the Public during COVID-19 According to the Health Belief Questionnaires of Shanxi Province Residents JO - Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response SP - 168 EP - 175 VL - 10 IS - 4 SN - 2210-8505 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210111.001 ID - Ruyi2021 ER -